"Analgin" for children: indications, instructions for use, dosage
In this article we will figure out how much to give "Analgin" children.
Symptoms of fever can be eliminated by various medications. Most adults take without even thinking about the possible consequences for the body. However, when it comes to children, parents choose medicine with extreme caution. The most famous means of dealing with pain and fever is Analgin. Children can also give it.
This drug belongs to the group of antipyretic and painkillers. In addition, it still has a weak anti-inflammatory effect. As part of "Analgin is synthetic sodium metamizol. However, it is important to understand that the drug itself does not eliminate the causes of the disease, but only stops the symptoms. Therefore, the duration of its effect is only two hours.
Forms of release
Manufacturers produce "Analgin" in several pharmacological forms. Tablets, candles with “Analgin” for children and a solution intended for injections are commercially available. The medication can be used in pure form, as well as in combination with some others. The tool is produced and especially for children in the dosage of 50, 100, 150 mg. Ampoules "Analgin" are 1 ml and 2 ml, each of which, respectively, is 250 mg and 500 mg of the main active ingredient. The dosage of rectal suppositories is 200 mg.
"Analgin" for children
In pediatrics, there are many doubts about the possibility of using the drug in the treatment of children. The drug has a large number of side effects, and therefore uncontrolled reception is strictly prohibited. Doctors in some countries generally avoid using "Analgin". Nevertheless, the symptoms of fever, he relieves very quickly, so it is prescribed not only adults but also children.
It is possible to use "Analgin" for children from three months of age. In this case, shows the use of suppositories. Assign "Analgin" children in the event that other drugs are not able to quickly get rid of the heat or there is no possibility of using a similar tool.
It is shown to children in the following cases:
- Elevated to 39 ° C or more body temperature (for example, if the child has angina).
- Burns, pain due to injury.
- Strong painful sensations localized in the joints or muscles.
- Gallstones, intestinal or renal colic.
- Acute toothache.
- Strong headache.
Contraindications to use
It is important to always remember that "Analgin" has a number of contraindications, so its use should be coordinated with the doctor, and the reception should be carried out in strict accordance with the recommended dosage. The drug is almost never used for course treatment. Most often it is used one-time.
Before using "Analgin" for children should carefully read all the contraindications, including:
- Age 0-3 months.
- Low blood pressure.
- Bronchial asthma.
- Porphyria, congenital anemia or other violation of the blood formation process.
- Allergic reaction to sodium metamizole or any of its derivatives.
- Conducting therapy with the use of antibacterial drugs.
- Insufficiency of the liver or kidneys.
- Intolerance to analgesic drugs.
Medicines, having in its composition sodium metamizol, can adversely affect the body. Adverse reactions are particularly acute in children. Statistics say that the deplorable consequences of using "Analgin" arise if it is incorrectly taken. However, even strict adherence to the recommendations of a specialist implies careful observation of the reactions of the child’s body to the drug.
Among the possible negative effects of “Analgin” are the following:
- A strong decrease in blood pressure.
- Excessive lowering of temperature, up to 35 ° C and below.
- Increased blood levels of granulocytes, monocytes and a decrease in the level of white blood cells.
- Increased toothache at the termination of the effects of the drug.
- Lowering blood platelet levels.
- Impaired renal function and liver.
- The occurrence of acute allergies, up to angioedema and anaphylaxis. Dosage "Analgin" for children should be strictly adhered to.
It is strictly forbidden to violate the dosage of the drug recommended by the doctor.In the intestine "Analgin" is rapidly absorbed, resulting in a high concentration in the blood when taking a large dose of the drug is observed as soon as possible. Many people use "Analgin" systematically when a toothache appears, but it is strictly forbidden to do so.
A one-time excess of the recommended dose and the systematic abuse of drugs are expressed differently. The gradual accumulation of the active substance in the body provokes the development of inflammation processes.
The patient has ulcers in the mouth, bronchitis and pharyngitis begin to worsen. The toxic effect of "Analgin" provokes difficulties during urination, staining of the skin in a yellowish color, cough and shortness of breath.
If there was a one-time overdose, then symptoms of poisoning can appear both immediately and within three days. The patient's gums become inflamed, stomatitis develops, urinary tracts become inflamed, ulcers appear in the intestines and stomach. In addition to the above symptoms, overdose can manifest itself in the form of:
- A sharp decline in blood pressure.
- Noise in the ears.
- Nausea and vomiting.
- Heart palpitations.
- Acute agranulocytosis.
- Raze and abdominal pain.
- Neuralgic disorders.
- Loss of consciousness and coma.
Instructions for use
The use of "Analgin" for children is permissible in cases where there is an urgent need to quickly reduce the heat or to stop pain. Children from three months to two years recommended the use of funds in the form of rectal suppositories. "Analgin" in the form of a solution should be administered intramuscularly. It is not recommended to use the drug for longer than 4 days in a row.
What is the dosage of "Analgin" for children?
When using the drug in the form of rectal suppositories, it is necessary to apply 0.5 suppository as a single dose for children 3-12 months, and for children 12-36 months - 1 suppository. The daily dose of candles with “Analgin” for children 3-7 years old should not exceed 400 mg, for children from 7 years old - 600 mg.
When using tablets, it is prescribed two or three times a day. Children of 2-3 years should be given 50-100 mg each, children of 4-5 years old should be no more than 100-200 mg, babies of 6-7 years old should have a maximum of 200 mg, and older than 8 years old a maximum of 250-300 mg.
When using "Analgin" in the form of a solution for injection, it is necessary to divide the recommended daily dose into 2-3 injections.The daily dose is calculated taking into account the body weight of the child - 5-10 mg per kilogram. Injections "Analgin" for children over 3 months is permissible to use.
Combinations "Analgin" with other drugs
Sometimes there are emergency cases in which antipyretic drugs are not able to cope with severely elevated temperatures. In these cases, doctors prefer to use a lytic mixture. It is advisable to use it only if the condition of a small patient worsens too sharply, and fever is accompanied by blanching and cooling of the skin, blue lips and extremities. Similar symptoms often occur with angina.
In what cases “Analgin” with diphenhydramine for children is used?
In the manufacture of the lytic mixture used "Dimedrol", "Analgin", and "Papaverine" in the form of solutions for injection. Quite often, when preparing a lytic mixture for children, Suprastin is used as an antihistamine instead of Dimedrol. The combined drug begins to work after a quarter of an hour. Calculate the dosage based on the weight and age of the patient.
If there is no possibility of an injection, you can make a mixture of "Paracetamol", "Analgin" and "Suprastin" for children in the form of tablets. Mix them in a ratio of 1/2 "Paracetamol", 1/3 "Suprastin" and 1/4 "Analgin". If the child cannot swallow the mixture, it is permissible to do an enema.
Enema do with the use of one ampoule "Analgin", "Dimedrol" and water. It is important that the enema solution is warm. Medicines will begin their action after 10 minutes. It is not recommended to put a lytic enema on a child by yourself.
Other combinations to reduce the temperature
A variety of symptoms accompanying high temperature can be eliminated with the help of such combinations "Analgin":
- In case of spasms accompanying fever, it is necessary to mix “Analgin” in the form of a solution with “No-Shpoy” and “Suprastinom”. "No-shpa" allows you to remove the spasm, effectively eliminate pain. However, it is capable of negatively affecting the children's organism, therefore, it should be dosed with special care and in strict accordance with the age of the child.
- For fever accompanying viral infections, a mixture of Aspirin and Analgin can be used.
- Remove the pain syndrome will help a mixture of analgesic with "Novocain".
- The intense heat accompanying a sore throat is effectively stopped by a mixture of the analgesic with Paracetamol.
- The excited states are well eliminated using a mixture of "Dimedrol" and analgesic. The dosage should be chosen in strict accordance with the age of the child.
The use of combination mixtures based on "Analgin" in the treatment of children is possible only after consulting with a specialist. If a child had previously experienced any allergic reactions to medications, then it is possible to use drugs based on metamizol only under the supervision of medical personnel. It is important to remember that "Analgin", despite the low price and prevalence, is not such a safe drug. It is dangerous to use it in large quantities.
We reviewed the instructions for "Analgin" for children.