Analysis of profitability in the conditions of innovative development
At the beginning of the 21st century, innovations are the main source of the economic growth of the society. At the heart of the innovative development of any state, as we know, lie new knowledge and technology.
Implementation of a state-defined strategyInnovative development requires the integration of science and production. The factor analysis of the profitability indicators in this case should take into account the performance indicators of the utilization of the achievements of the STR. It is clear that information and analytical support is extremely necessary at all stages of the innovation process.
Many scientists emphasize that the national innovation system is an important prerequisite for the successful revival of the national economy, its adaptation to the conditions of international competition.
Analysis of profitability indicators of the enterpriseshows that the intensive application of information technologies in various fields significantly changes the concept of the role of the human factor and information in modern society. More fully manifested new definition - national information resources, which become one of the weighty factors in the development of the industrial world.
As the analysis of profitability indicators shows,information in modern conditions acquires the features of the factor of production, and does not replace innovation as a truly new addition to the technological warehouse of society. Thanks to information technologies, it becomes possible to significantly improve the efficiency of economic activity. This is achieved thanks to the properties of the information resource copied, rather than reproduced, as it is with traditional factors of production. New systems of productive forces, the basis of which is information technology, in the advanced economies of the world are increasingly replacing the old forms.
It is obvious that the information industryhas acquired a sufficient level of industrial features with a clearly expressed innovation model of development, the particle of which has grown substantially in the general structure of the economy of developed countries. However, according to the analysis of profitability indicators, as a result of an expanded advertising campaign to attract investment, there is a certain reassessment of the possibilities of its impact on overall economic growth.
In general, the structure of the information sector consists of four components:
- production of computer equipment, telecommunications and network devices;
- creation of an information product (development of system and application software, formalization of information in electronic form);
- introduction of industrial opportunities for generating information resources;
- improvement of industrial technologies, which provide a fundamentally different state of economic growth.
Successful first sale of the products of the first twowhich in the last few years has faced a completely natural decline in demand, which was the result of a fall in the pace of introduction of the third component products as a result of the unpreparedness of the society to perceive innovation in sync with the emergence of their proposal. As the analysis of profitability indicators showed, the use of the new toolkit was not provided with an adequate legal and regulatory framework, complicated by obsolete economic mechanisms. To the aggravation of the situation, the principles in the information sector have changed, which differ significantly from those established in the traditional economy. First of all, it concerns the formation of prime cost and prices for products of the information sector. The basis of capitalization of the subjects of this sector was non-material assets, primarily in the form of information technologies and incomplete information resources, which led to a contradiction between the so-called "new economy" and the traditional one. Incompleteness of information resources consists in the existence in the information market of only tools for the modernization of other areas - the completeness is provided in the process of development of the information technology base by enterprises of the traditional economy that supplement the hardware and software component with an information product that reflects the subject area of their activities.
As demonstrated by the analysis of indicatorsprofitability, the latest developments that occur in the information sector, confirm the erroneousness of the idea of its ability to continuously provide a growing innovation flow. It only creates a meta-instrument, adapting it to the needs of a specific subject area and use to speed up the emergence and introduction of innovations in it.
Research of problems of innovative developmentToday is inseparable from the formation of a new socio-economic formation, the dominant mode of production of which is based on information technology.