Aspartic acid: formula, properties, uses, side effects
Aspartic acid refers to amino acids that have endogenous properties. It is contained in food products, as well as produced by the human body. This substance contributes to the proper functioning of the endocrine and nervous systems. Aspartic acid is directly involved in the production of hormones, such as testosterone, progesterone and somatotropin, known by many as growth hormone. The substance was first removed from asparagus in 1868. The name of the plant formed the basis of the name of the acid. A little later, after conducting a number of studies and determining the properties of a substance, it was also called amino-succinic acid.
Characteristics of the substance
Aspartic acid formula looks like this: C4H7NO4. This substance is included in the group consisting of 20 proteinogenic amino acids.In the human body, it can be both in free form and as part of proteins.
Acid has neuroprotective properties. In a living organism, it performs the important function of a mediator, which ensures the correct signal transmission between neurons. As scientists have established, the concentration of the substance in the brain and retina is significantly increased in the embryo.
Almost all amino acids involved in protein synthesis come in two forms: L and D, with the exception of glycine. Each of them plays a specific role. Form D is not so significant. L-form is responsible for the growth of muscle tissue, is involved in protein synthesis. In the process of enzymatic activity, they are converted into a racemic mixture, which is referred to as DL-aspartic acid.
Studies have shown that an increased concentration of a substance in the brain enhances learning ability. It was also noted that in people suffering from depressive conditions, the level of acid is much lower, and in patients with epilepsy it exceeds the norm.
The chemical reaction of phenylalanine and aspartic acid produces the substance aspartame (food additive E951), which is used in the food industry as an artificial sweetener.However, medical specialists do not recommend using this supplement frequently, and there are reasons for this. Aspartame has an irritating effect on the nervous system. It is especially undesirable to give this sweetener to children, as the risk of developing autism increases. With care you need to use asparaginata women during pregnancy, as this can harm the health of the unborn child.
Aspartic acid formula
Amino acid is widely used in the pharmacological and food industry. The chemical formula is written as follows: HO2CCH (NH2) CH2CO2H. There is a more simplified form of writing, and it is also correct. The empirical formula for a chemical compound is: C4H7NO4. The molecular mass of the substance is 133.1 g / mol.
What is the role of acid in the human body?
Aspartic acid plays an important role in the human body:
- helps to cope with chronic fatigue;
- transports minerals that are involved in the formation and functioning of RNA and DNA;
- converts carbohydrates into energy;
- participates in the formation of various amino acids, including arginine, lysine, asparagine, isoleucine and others;
- helps to remove toxins formed in the process of protein breakdown, especially acid is effective in neutralizing ammonia, which disrupts the work of the central nervous system, brain and liver;
- provides immunity strengthening, participates in the production of such enzymes as immunoglobulins and antibodies;
- eliminates depression;
- has a beneficial effect on the functioning of the central nervous system, improves brain function and increases its activity, stimulates concentration of attention;
- when the body is under stress, it requires an additional amount of acid.
The substance has both positive and negative characteristics, so it is important to know how to take aspartic acid correctly. For an adult, the daily rate is 3 g, not more. In addition, at one time you can use only 1-1.5 g of the substance. Therefore, if there is a need to take an amino acid, it is necessary to divide the daily rate by 2-3 times. The first is early in the morning, after waking up, the second and third are just before the dinner and evening meal. If the dose is divided into two times, the amino acid is consumed in the morning and evening before meals.
However, it is important to remember that both a deficiency and an excess of a substance adversely affect the human body. So, it is not advisable to prescribe this kind of aspartic acid supplements.
The dosage also depends on various factors, for example:
- age criteria;
- lifestyle, etc.
Only an experienced specialist can select the correct dose.
Products containing amino acid
Aspartic acid can be purchased at the pharmacy. However, it is preferable to use products in which this substance is contained in the maximum amount. This is due to the fact that in this form the amino acid is absorbed by the body much better. Let's look at what foods aspartic acid most. The list includes:
- asparagus (asparagus);
- soya sprouts and beans;
- poultry meat;
- sea fish;
- juice from apples of the Simirenko variety;
- Fresh fruit from tropical fruits.
Amino Acid Lack Symptoms
Determine the lack of aspartic acid in the body can be on certain symptoms:
- pain in the muscle tissue;
- deterioration of the body's immune defenses;
- weakness and reduced performance;
- mental disorders;
- memory impairment, difficulty remembering information in the learning process.
Signs of oversupply
An overabundance of substance, as well as a deficiency, adversely affects human health. The nervous system suffers the most. A person becomes irritable, aggressive, his sleep pattern is disturbed, an abrupt change of mood occurs. An overabundance of a substance often becomes a cause of thickening of the blood and headaches. To avoid such negative effects, you should exercise, follow a diet and sleep.
When do I need to take an amino acid?
Take aspartic acid solution is necessary if the following pathologies and conditions occur:
- brain diseases;
- eye diseases, including myopia and nyctalopia (night blindness);
- cardiovascular pathology;
- depressive states;
- neurological disorders;
- mental disorders;
- deterioration of performance and weakening of memory.
The need for an amino acid increases in people older than 35-40 years. They need to periodically check the balance between testosterone and amino succinic acid.
Contraindications and side effects
Aspartic acid is indicated only in certain cases. It is not recommended for children under 18 years of age, women during lactation and pregnancy, as well as if individual intolerance is observed. There is a risk of an allergic reaction and increased irritability. To avoid possible negative consequences, you should consult with your doctor before taking the drug based on amino acids. Also, before using the tool, do not forget to carefully read the instructions for use.
Artificial preparations are not recommended to be used too often. This can be addictive. After the application of dietary supplements simple food will seem tasteless.
Pregnant women should refrain from such a means, since exceeding the dose of aspartic acid can lead to disturbances in the fetal nervous system and the development of autism.
The human body is well absorbed by natural products, besides, they are not addictive.
The use of amino acids in sports nutrition
Aspartic acid is involved in the production of various hormones, including somatotropin, testosterone, progesterone, gonadotropin, as well as IGF-1 (insulin-like growth factor). For these reasons, the amino acid is present in biological supplements that are used by athletes and people leading a healthy lifestyle.
Pharmaceutical drug DAA (D-aspartic acid) can be purchased at a pharmacy or at specialized points of sale of sports nutrition. This tool stimulates the growth of muscle tissue (helps build muscle mass) and physical indicators. Promotes fat burning and leads to increased libido.
It is important to remember that the reception of such funds should be started only after consulting with a physician, since an overabundance of a substance can lead to negative consequences. The use of aspartic acid should be carried out in a cyclic pattern. After 2-3 weeks of taking the amino acid, a break of 7-14 days is made. The course can be repeated according to this scheme several times.