Conflict of generations in the novel "Fathers and Sons" and its permission
The book "Fathers and Sons" was written in the sixtiesyears of the nineteenth century. This is a story about unhappy love, new beliefs and the eternal problem of mutual understanding of different generations. It is the latter theme that is represented in the novel from various points of view.
The basis of disagreements in the novel
The theme of mutual understanding of parents and children is eternal. Especially successfully it was revealed by the Russian classic Ivan Turgenev. The conflict of generations in the novel "Fathers and Sons" is a difference in views on the political, cultural and social situation in Russia in the second half of the 19th century. It was the year 1860 that became a turning point in the history of the empire. The constant uprisings of dissatisfied peasants forced the government to abolish serfdom. This divided people into two camps.
In the first there were representatives of the old world, the noblesand the rich. The second part - supporters of a new, free era, where they valued and respected a person. Eugene Bazarov, the hero of the novel "Fathers and Sons," belonged to those who wanted the revolution. He is a nihilist, which means he does not recognize authorities and he laughs at generally accepted values. His ideas are shared by Arkady and beloved Anna. But at the same time he becomes an enemy for a close friend and for his parents.
The clash of views
The conflict develops most because of thestubbornness and misunderstandings of two representatives of different generations and eras. This is a meeting of the convictions of the revolutionary democrat in the image of Bazarov and the liberal nobleman Nikolai Petrovich Kirsanov. The first one tries to work for the benefit of society. The second is more concerned with self-interest. Nevertheless, they are both vigorous and confident in asserting their convictions. In general, their themes for disputes are diverse.
They concern religion, philosophy and even poetry. Characteristics of the novel "Fathers and Sons" is a brief description of the events that actually took place in Russia in the 1860s. Conversations and disputes between Bazarov and Kirsanov are the conversations of people of those turning years for society.
Divergences in the Kirsanov family
It is also important to consider the relations between Arkady andNikolay Petrovich. These two, father and son, are also representatives of different generations. Arkady is Yevgeny Bazarov's best friend and part-time obedient student. He seeks to learn nihilism and plunge into the theory of democracy as much as possible.
His father is an avid liberal, who is shyhis connection with the common people. In particular, he is ashamed of his love for a young woman named Fanechka. The first conflict of generations in the novel "Fathers and Sons" arises in the father with Arkady. But the love they cherish in themselves to each other, is stronger than a misunderstanding regarding the views on society.
A kinship that is stronger than beliefs
So, over time Arkady abandons histheory and stops attempts to join the creation of a new world. Neither does Nikolai Petrovich. He at the end of the novel marries the commoner Phanechka. And Arkady chooses his modest and quiet Catherine as his wife. Their conflict is resolved.
Characteristics of the novel "Fathers and Sons" - analysisthen society. Turgenev shows that Bazarov's thoughts did not take root, the conflict that arose in this family, hesitated, and did not reach a logical solution. But at the end of the book, during the double wedding of the father and son, the author makes a slight accent and says that neither one nor the other does not look happy.
Author and parents of Bazarov
Ivan Sergeevich Turgenev does not hide hisrelationship to the older generation and instills a love for this one's reader. His tender feelings of gratitude and respect can be seen in the description of Bazarov's parents. Lovely, charming spouses from the first lines are sympathetic to us with the warmth and friendliness with which they breathe.
The conflict of generations in the novel "Fathers and Sons" could notwould be so vivid if the author did not clearly disclose to the reader the images of the elderly. So, he introduces us to Arina Vlasyaevna and Vasiliy Ivanovich. Mother is a nice old woman, she also believes in God and popular superstitions. It is the embodiment of hospitality, peace and good. Father, a respectable man who rightly earned the respect of his acquaintances. He is sincere, cordial and even tries to join the new ideas of the generation.
The only son is the greatest joy in theirlife. Knowing about his uneasy character, parents try to indulge him as much as possible. They go around on tiptoe and show only a part of the feeling for the beloved child. Eugene Bazarov, the protagonist of the novel "Fathers and Sons," reveals for us on the other side in his home.
The role of Bazarov's whole life
An unapproachable heart is not so unapproachable. From the first lines of the novel, the reader observes how Evgeny treats the older generation disdainfully. Intrigous, pompous, narcissistic, he refuses any other people's thoughts. His arrogance and cold repel. He is inhuman and indifferent to old age.
But when he was in the house of his parents, howmost of his contempt disappears. The main theme of the novel "Fathers and Sons", the difference of generations, is clearly expressed in the relations between Eugene and his parents. Change in the environment changes the mindset of Bazarov. It becomes softer, more tolerant, more tender. Despite the fact that he rarely visits his homeland, he fervently loves his family, although he diligently hides it behind the mask of absent-mindedness. His main problem is that he never learned to express feelings, especially if it concerns bright, positive emotions. It was with such a wall of inability and misunderstanding that parents collided.
Conflict of views
In his work Turgenev revealed a simple andpainful truth - the difference of generations. Old-fashioned parents Bazarov only worsen, although not specifically, the relationship with his son. All the images of the novel "Fathers and Sons" are very strong personalities, and for them to break their own views in favor of strangers is an unacceptable thing.
A young man does not share with his parents,representatives of another generation, their philosophy. They are devout, and he is an atheist, they are people of the first half of the century, he is the second. And parents, knowing about the isolation of his son, do not try to get into his world of new principles. So, both the first and second are happy with that small percentage of affinity that is.
Perhaps, if the life of Evgeny waslonger, he himself became a father, then in the course of time he would understand what was not revealed to him - a young dreamer. And then the conflict of generations in the novel "Fathers and Sons" could find a logical solution. But the author decided to correct the situation in the fate of his readers through the grief of the characters.
A world that did not grow to Bazarov's views
Events in the novel occur from May 1859 to the winter1860th. These are significant years for the history of Russia. It was then that new ideals were born. And the first one who started distributing them was Yevgeny Bazarov. But the world was not ready for his convictions, so the only thing left for a lonely hero is to abandon his attempts to change the country. But fate chose a different path for him.
Death put an end to suffering on earth, whereno one understood him. Along with Bazarov's death, all the conflicts that the author created in the work were resolved. The story of the novel "Fathers and Sons" is a story of a man without a race. He was forgotten by friends, supporters and loved ones. And only the elderly parents continued to mourn their only joy.
The problem of "fathers and children" arises in all sphereshuman life: in the family, in the working collective, in society. This issue can be solved if the older generation tolerates the younger, somewhere, perhaps, agreeing with it, while the "children" will show more respect.