Dense oxford fabric - a material that withstands heavy tests
In modern conditions with a constant growth in the needs of the population, there is an intensive development of all sectors, including the textile and chemical industries. The successful tandem of the specialists of the latter gives birth to new materials with interesting properties.
Due to the fact that natural raw materials sometimes do not meet the demanded qualities, is expensive and for the most part time-consuming to manufacture, it has become increasingly replaced by alternative materials from artificial fibers.
Oxford synthetic fabric with its consumer qualities is a popular material.
Composition of matter
Oxford fabric may consist of two different artificial components:
Synthetic material nylon consists of polyamide resins. It was developed by American experts in the thirties of the last century. Nylon fiber is very similar to silk.It has high elasticity and high strength.
Artificial polyester fiber is made from polyester fibers obtained from the processing of petroleum products. It has been used since 1890; it appeared in the Soviet Union in 1949. It is easy to clean and wash, it dries quickly and is not subject to crushing.
These fibers are the result of chemical reactions, during which they stretch to the required density and strength parameters.
Oxford fabric has various coverings from:
- polyurethane (PU);
- polyvinyl chloride (PVC).
The first - foamed plastic or polyurethane foam - a transparent structural material that is resistant to temperature fluctuations. It melts at three hundred degrees. It can easily replace rubber and rubber. It is resistant to skin fat, sweat secretions, organic solvents.
The second is a thermoplastic polymer of vinyl chloride, since 1913 it has been used in industry. The material is not affected by moisture, acids, alkalis, kerosene, gasoline and many other chemical reagents.
All coatings are applied to the inner side of the fabric, giving it windproof properties, as well as the ability not to pass water and mud particles between the main fibers of the fabric.
Weaving of fabric fibers is carried out in a staggered manner, using the “gunny” method. This weaving is a derivative of plain (twill) weaving of threads. It gives matter shine and uniformly smooth structure.
A distinctive feature of oxford is that in order to achieve strength in canvases that are intended for use under more power loads, it is possible to use a weft in a thread that is thicker than at the base.
Oxford cloth, characteristics
Given the main components of oxfordclassified into two types:
The latter has excellent technical characteristics and has:
- High strength.
- Exceptional elasticity.
- Resistance to multiple fold.
- Abrasion resistance (wear resistance).
- Invulnerability to chemical reagents.
- Low hygroscopicity (absorb moisture from the air).
Nylon Oxford has several drawbacks, such as:
- Intensive attraction of dust particles (electrolysis).
- Changes in the chemical structure and physical properties with increasing temperature.
- Violation of the appearance and various properties under the action of natural (sunlight) light or artificial (lamp) lighting.
Polyester oxford compared with its nylon counterpart less durable and more rigid, inferior to him and resistance to chemicals. It is resistant to staining, has a high pilling capacity (formation of pellets) and electrified.
Oxford is made of polyester - non-absorbent fabric (not “breathing”) and not able to absorb moisture. However, it has an increased safety under the action of high temperatures and various types of lighting (natural and artificial).
The density of all types of matter Oxford is defined in denier values (D). This is an indicator of the thickness of the threads and their weight in grams per 9000 meters of fabric. The higher this value, the thicker the threads that were used in the manufacture of the fabric, and the final Oxford fabric has a more pronounced structure (thickness) and weight. One danir is 0.05 grams.
If the material thickness designations are indicated by fractions (600D / 650D) in the notation, it reads like this - the longitudinal threads (warp) are 600 Denier thick, and the transverse (weft threads) 650 Denier.
Depending on the thickness of the fiber used in the production of the material, there are several varieties of oxford: 150D, 200 - 240D, 420D, 600D, 1200 D, 1680 D. The higher the number before D (dane), the denser and heavier the canvas.
The water resistance of the fabric with PU coating varies from 450 to 5000 mm of water column - the figure shows how much water pressure the material can withstand.
Where is the material applied?
In products (backpacks, suitcases, shoes, tents, various equipment, outdoor casual clothing, goods for tourism, special clothing for workers in the industrial sphere, medicine, rescue service, for fishermen and hunters, covers for cars and motorcycles), where strength is the priority and resistance to the vagaries of weather (rain, strong wind, snow, bright sun), the use of oxford fabric is justified.
The so-called tent fabric Oxford is suitable for use in construction work and in the construction of hangars, tents and pavilions, as well as when sewing various covers tents for vehicles (cars, motorcycles, scooters, ATVs, snowmobiles, jet skis). For side storage, a fabric of 240 D is used, and a denser polyester oxford of 600 D is used for transportation.
In the widest assortment there is a material with bright and calm colors, with different strength indicators and different coatings, as well as Oxford fabric camouflage (200, 210, 600 D) andkhaki colors of several kinds.
A bunch ofpositive characteristics make irreplaceable oxford fabric. Reviews of consumers and manufacturers of clothing, various accessories and equipment confirm this.
Mommies, who sew overalls and jackets for their children, speak of Oxford as a durable, waterproof and special fabric. Lovers of tourism and hiking in the mountains are surprised at the ease of backpacks made from this fabric (60-liter backpack weighs 400 grams).
All products made of oxford fabric, should be washed at a temperature not exceeding 40 ° C, rinse and squeeze normally. At low temperatures, dry cleaning and drum drying are possible. Oxford is forbidden to bleach. Ironing with an iron is possible at a maximum temperature of 110 ° C.