Eremurus: landing and care. Flower of great beauty
There is a wonderful creation of nature in the world - delightful living flowers with a slightly marvelous name Eremurus, which, by May, begin to decorate with themselves gardens. Powerful, tall, bright, these plants always attract attention and arouse admiration. Meanwhile, they are not at all demanding of care or of conditions, they live, trying not to give their masters unnecessary trouble.
The Eremurus flower is the child of the endless Mongolian steppes, the semi-deserts of Kazakhstan, the deserts of Arabia, the foothills of Transcaucasia and the Himalayas. It grows in other areas of Europe and Asia, and in Russia it is even listed in the Red Book. "Eremurus" in free translation from the Greek means "tail of the desert." The name originated from the appearance of the flower. This plant is a very high perennial, reaching 2 and even 2.5 m. It is a basal rosette of leaves and one flower spike, really remotely resembling someone's tail sticking up.His stalk is powerful, naked. The leaves are long, narrow, drooping, with three faces. In the outlet they can be quite a lot. The roots of the plant are similar to a living creature: in the center there is a “body” - the bottom, from which non-thin “paws” - the roots. Eremurus is famous for its spectacular colors. The photo represents the Isabella variety.
The color of the petals is very different: from white to blue and from pink to burgundy, including apricot. Flowers begin to open from the bottom of the spike and gradually reach the top. Each individual flower is located on a pedicel and has a corolla of 6 petals, surrounding 6 stamens on long threads and an elongated pistil. The fruit of the eremurus is a three-leaved, smooth or slightly wrinkled ball-shaped box. Inside there are seeds with uneven and sharp three sides.
Biological cycles of life
Fresh flowers by the name of Eremurus grow in areas where constant fluctuations in air temperature and humidity occur. It rains there in spring, it is hot in summer, and frost in winter. That plant and adapted to adapt to all these climate change.Its active development begins with the arrival of warm spring days. A rosette of leaves appears from the ground, a stem quickly grows, flowers open. During this period, Eremurus requires moisture and sun. In the period of ripening seeds of water, a lot is no longer necessary. By midsummer, dry boxes appear on the ears, and the plant "leaves" to rest. All of his above-ground parts die off, it seems that he dried up altogether. He will sleep until the new spring. Only in the fall, if it rains often, can the underground parts of Eremurus awaken to form new buds and roots. The flower tolerates frosts with endurance, usually it doesn’t need any shelters.
This method is simple, but long. If you multiply the eremurus with seeds, you can wait for flowering only for the 4th year, and sometimes only for the 7th year after the emergence of shoots. Nevertheless, often only the seeds are available, and with the right actions, you can get great beauties from them. Sow the seeds in the fall in specially prepared containers. They must be deep. Seeds are buried in the ground by no more than 1.5 cm. Sometimes it may seem that they have not risen, but you should not despair.Eremurus rises to 2 years! Containers are kept in a bright sunny place, but direct sunlight on the ground should not fall. The soil must be kept wet. Sprouted shoots have a peculiarity in the summer to shed their leaves and dry out. In such a state, they are removed from a sunny place, and watering is reduced to a minimum. Well put them on the street to dry in nature. For the winter, containers can be left in the house, just cover them with spruce or peat (20 cm layer, no less). Seedlings can be planted to a permanent place only on the 2nd or 3rd year, when the bottom is growing.
Those who are already growing in the garden eremurus, reproduction is more profitable to produce a spine with a bottom. Such a flower can throw an ear the next year. Sometimes rhizome with Donets is on sale. When buying planting material, you need to make sure that the roots are not broken at the bottom and there is at least one living kidney so that at least one eremurus can develop from it. Planting and care in the open field are made in the fall. Separate the root system of old Eremurus should also be after the end of flowering. This is done if new small rosettes have formed near the outlet of the mother plant. They do not touch them all spring and summer, and in the fall they try to undermine and divide.If this does not work out easily, it means that the plant is not yet ready for reproduction and the process is transferred to the next autumn. Some gardeners divide the rhizome without taking it out of the ground, only wounds are covered with pounded activated charcoal. For the next year, independent sockets should be developed from such cases.
Preparing a landing site
In order to grow an eremurus, planting and caring for a plant must be carried out taking into account the climatic conditions of its usual places of distribution. Since this, as noted above, semi-deserts, deserts and rocky slopes, a sunny spot on a lawn open to all winds, where there is no close surface or ground water, will also be a suitable place in the garden for the Eremurus. Absolutely any soil will suit it, be it sandstone, heavy clay, stony ground or, conversely, fertile black soil. If the groundwater is close to the site, when planting Eremurus, it is necessary to make a drainage consisting of a layer of rubble at least 20 cm thick. Some gardeners are advised to plant eremurus where there is protection from the wind so that high stems do not break.In principle, this is not required, since the stems of this flower are quite powerful.
Eremurus: planting and care in the garden
Choosing a place on the site, start planting Eremurus. Something like a low embankment (about 20 cm) made of pebbles or small crushed stone is arranged on a flowerbed, soil is filled from above (about 40 cm). An embankment is needed to remove excess moisture more easily. The soil can be prepared from a mixture of garden soil, compost (humus) and sand or pebbles. On this elevated bed make holes under the rhizomes. Eremuruses should be located no closer than 40-50 cm from each other. If the plants are planted in several rows, the distance between them should be from 60 cm. Growing eremurus is also subject to its natural natural cycles. Thus, the planting of new plants and transplanting old produce only in the fall. The most suitable month is September. Strongly deepen the rhizomes in the ground should not be. They are planted to a depth of 10 to 20 cm. The well is made so that it has enough space for all the roots in the straightened state. On top of the planted eremurus, the soil is covered (mulched) with peat or manure (only rotted soil can be used).
Eremurus, landing and caring for which are executed correctly, usually does not cause trouble. Watering a plant requires only in spring, when its buds awaken. But it is impossible to fill it with much. In summer, he almost does not need water. Moreover, it must be protected from rain. They can lead the plant to death. In winter, in regions with a harsh frosty climate, eremurusa must be covered with spruce or peat. Fertilize the plant to spring. Eremurus thanks beautiful flowers for complex fertilizers (60 gr. Per square), responds well to rotted quality manure and compost. Before wintering, it should also be fed, adding superphosphate to the ground (40 grams per square). Eremurus, planting and caring for which is carried out correctly, that is, the regime of watering and drainage of excess water is observed, practically does not get sick. But its roots can damage moles and mice, which leads to the decay of the root system. If the plant is sick, it must be dug, cut off the damage and sprinkled with activated carbon wounds.
Eremurus is valued for its somewhat unusual beauty. The photo shows one of the design options for the garden.This plant is powerful, tall and majestic. It looks wonderful in group plantings, especially when eremuruses are concentrated in one color in several colors. Just do not forget when landing to maintain the proper distance between them. Underived soil provides a unique opportunity to plant these charming fresh flowers in rockeries, alpine slides. Eremurusa can be beautifully decorated curb, make them a spectacular bright spot in the center of the lawn or in front of the house. This plant is high, so all the other flowers-neighbors (cornflowers, poppies, kachima, spireas) will be much lower and perfectly cover the bare stems of Eremurus, leaving only his candles burning with colored lights to his eyes. Eremurus blooms for about a month.
To date, 60 species of Eremurus are known and described, differing in petal color, height, habitat. The most popular among gardeners are:
- Eremurus powerful. As the name implies, this plant is tall (up to 2.5 m), with a thick stem and large flower ears. The color of the petals - from white to pink.
- Eremurus Himalayan.Named by the place of his homeland, but it is so unpretentious that it is grown everywhere. The height of its peduncles is up to 2 meters, the color of the petals is white.
- Eremurus Olga. One of the “low” species (stem up to 1.5 m), but the flowers in the ear are rather large, which makes the general appearance of the plant extremely elegant. The color of the petals is white.
- Eremurus Isabella. It differs from the previous type in the color of the petals. In "Isabella" they are soft-apricot.
- Eremurus the narrow-leaved. Fresh flowers of this species are charming. They can be orange, yellow, golden. The stamens peeking out from the middle of the flowers create a semblance of a nimbus around them. The size of the flower spike is also impressive. Its length is up to 70 cm.
All Eremuruses are suitable for bouquets - both live and dry.