European Charter of Local Self-Government: Basic Principles
The European Charter of Local Self-Government was approved by the European Parliament in the fall of 1985. The main provisions of this document came into force three years later, in 1988. Under the approved procedure, it should have been ratified by all member states of the Council of Europe. Currently, the ratification procedure by national chambers has been held in 44 states. The exceptions are dwarf countries - San Marino, Andorra and Monaco.
Basic norms and requirements
The European Charter of Local Self-Government is (by and large) a declarative document, but its provisions have clear regulatory prescriptions that are binding on each of the parties to the contract. In particular, European states undertake to provide local governments with a sufficient level of economic, financial and political powers in order to earn the principle of autonomy of local administrative entities.This does not mean a revision of the administrative-territorial structure of a country, but it allows local authorities to determine their own development priorities in a relatively independent way, without encroaching on the constitutional structure of the state.
In addition, the European Charter of Local Self-Government enshrines the principle of subsidiarity - municipal authorities act openly, publicly and in the interests of the local population. All the general legal aspects of such management are enshrined in the relevant articles of the Constitution. In addition, the European Charter is designed to ensure that its provisions are valid for the lowest level municipalities. It can not be applied to the administrative units of the middle and highest level (states, lands, provinces, etc.). The only exceptions are those cases where the implementation of a hypothetical regional development program requires the unification of several municipal economies.
The European Charter of Local Self-Government enshrines the following principles: decentralization of power, good governance, actions of the authorities within the framework of the rules of democracy and municipal autonomy.If all these components are observed, it is considered that the state acts within the provisions established by the Charter.
European Social Charter
This document defines the basic social rights of a person and citizen that are binding. The Charter indicates which social regulators should be enshrined in national constitutions and respected by all signatory countries. We are talking about such social and legal obligations as obtaining secondary and higher education, social rights of employees and retirees, the system of labor contracts in production, social security rights, etc. Although the European Social Charter was adopted in 1965 and partially revised the end of the 90s, for the time being, not all states have undertaken corresponding obligations.