Flag and coat of arms of Pskov: history, description and interesting facts
The city of Pskov is the regional center. The Pskov Region has borders with the Republic of Belarus, Latvia, and Lithuania. From the capital of the Russian Federation, the city of Moscow, removed to 689 kilometers. Pskov is located on the banks of three rivers (Pskov, Velikaya, Mirozha).
Historical documents certifying the exact time of appearance of the city of Pskov, is not available. The ancient Russian history of its occurrence is fanned by legends and interesting versions.
So, from one it follows that the Russian princess Olga, canonized, saw the phenomenon in 957 - the heavens emitted three bright beams that consecrated the banks of the Great River. In this place she erected a cross and promised to build a church here. Having left for Kiev, Olga did not forget about her promise, regularly sent resources for construction. Thus, the magnificent Trinity Cathedral was built, around which the city of Pskov grew.
According to another legend, it follows that the city of Pskov was founded much earlier, at the time of the first chronicle mention of the Pskov sites. It is mentioned that Prince Igor chose Olga to be his wife in 903, from Pskov.From this it follows that the city was already, but it is not known what time.
The city was constantly attacked. During the period from the 12th to the 15th century, he endured twenty-six heavy sieges. Residents constantly strengthened it. He was surrounded by several protective walls. The first was erected when Pskov was founded. The second (Dovmontov Wall) under the rule of Prince Dovmont, a talented commander who made the city independent of Novgorod. Counted among the saints. The third was erected in 1375 (Middle City). The fourth (Okolkiy town) - in the sixteenth century.
Pskov is a very ancient city, originally Russian. It built a large number of Orthodox churches. The oldest - Holy Trinity Cathedral, takes the story from Princess Olga. It became stone during the reign of Prince Vsevolod-Gabriel in the 12th century.
In the 14th century, the city of Pskov became subordinate to the Moscow State.
In 1859, a railway station was built in Pskov, notable for the fact that the last emperor of Russia Nicholas II abdicated the throne in his building in 1917.
Due to the location of Pskov from the places that were subject to the Mongol-Tatar invasion, it is well preserved as a native Russian city.
Coat of arms: history
The coat of arms of Pskov has deep historical roots. Even before that, when in the 18th century, the coats of arms created by the Heraldic Department began to consolidate behind the cities of Russia, the city already had its own emblem. There were several variants of the city symbols.
Thus, in the time of Tsar Ivan the Terrible, a predatory running beast is depicted on the city seal. And on the city flag from the second half of the 17th century, the predator was detailed, it was a lynx.
Subsequently, the changes affected the official emblem of the city. Already above the beast striped with a protruding tongue (presumably a tiger), a hand extends from the clouds. The official coat of arms of Pskov, adopted in 1781, generally preserved this image, specifying the breed of the beast. They became a leopard: "In the blue field, the leopard, and above him a hand coming out."
The beast on the coat of arms
Historians, studying in the dynamics of the transformation of the emblem of the city of Pskov, agree that initially the beast was some kind of heraldic predator. Its species characteristics have undergone so many changes that by the 16th century it was not possible to attribute it to any species.
It is assumed that the first beast was a lion. His image came into use on the emblem of Pskov long before the 16th century.Moreover, the first Russian coat of arms was exactly the lion, who was present at the personal coat of arms of Yuri Dolgoruky.
The earliest mention of the emblem of Pskov is in the register of the seals of the sovereign from 1626. It says that the Pskov seal is a leopard, and under a leopard it is land. In the decree of Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich of 1666 there is a reference to the manufacture of the Pskov coat of arms with the description: "The Pskov Seal, on it a running lynx."
However, historians are inclined to believe that the leopard was originally already under Ivan the Terrible, since the state seal of 1583 of Ivan the Terrible was precisely this beast.
The Pskov leopard was on the seal of the diary of 1698 with the Austrian envoy Korb. There is a leopard on the emblem of the banner of the Pskov regiment in 1729. To him is a description: "Pskov - in the old way: a leopard - and above him from a cloud a hand stands on the green ground, the azure field."
Due to the fact that the Petersburg heraldists with reliable accuracy could not determine the breed of the animal, it was decided to consider it a leopard.
Heraldry of the Pskov Province
Pskov province also acquired its own coat of arms. It was approved in 1856. From his description it followed that this is a coat of arms, on which a golden leopard is depicted in an azure field. Above it are silver clouds from which the right hand comes out.The shield itself is surrounded by oak gold leaves connected by St. Andrew's Ribbon. Shield crowns the crown.
In 1781, the cities of the Pskov province were acquired as additions to their emblems, parts of the coat of arms of Pskov, which were located at the top of the shield.
Modern coat of arms
Currently, the Pskov Coat of Arms is an identification and legal sign. Equally with the flag are the official symbols of the city. The provisions on the emblem and flag of Pskov were adopted and approved by the City Duma in the summer of 2001.
From his description it follows that this is a combined image. The coat of arms is present. His background is azure. In the upper part of the shield are noctilucent clouds from which a brush of flesh color emanates. Under it is a golden color leopard. Tongue scarlet (red), silver eyes. On the claws, the teeth of the leopard are black markings. At the end of the tail - brush. On the shield of the top of the municipal crown. Shield hold leopards, looking in different directions. Their appearance is similar to that in the center. On the shoulders of supporters the wreaths of St. Dovmont. Also, the leopards are supported along the edges of the shield gold swords with their handle turned up. Swords in sheath azure color, decorated with silver.In the lower part of the emblem there is a patterned, golden foot. Under it, on the azure ribbon, the silver motto is inscribed: "I will not give my honor to anyone."
The crowning coat of arms is a fixed form, symbolizing the center of the subject of the Russian Federation. It has a golden laurel wreath, indicating the fact that the city was the capital of the principality. Behind the crown there are two crossed swords, which means the assignment of the title "City of Military Glory" to Pskov.
The Pskov flag is a blue cloth. The ratio of width and length is 2: 3. On the top edge of the flag panel is a flesh-colored hand (God's right hand). She comes out of the white clouds. At the bottom of the canvas leopard in black, white, red and yellow colors.
Pskov coat of arms in children's symbolism
The coat of arms of Pskov, a description for children - first of all it is worth noting that the leopard is a strong beast that personifies the courage and courage of the inhabitants. Its golden color means strength and wealth. Shows that Pskov stood on the side of Moscow in difficult times, when the Russian lands gathered. A hand coming out of heaven indicates that divine powers were on the side of the inhabitants of the city. The blue field of the shield speaks about the beauty of the Pskov open spaces, about what beautiful architectural structures have come down to us from time immemorial.