Grusha Kokinskaya - perspective grade
As a fruit tree the pear was known in the AncientGreece, Persia and the Roman Empire. More than one thousand varieties are cultivated all over the world. Trees are used not only to obtain juicy fruits, but also as ornamental plants.
Characteristic of the variety
Pear Kokinskaya (photo in the text) was received inThe result of the crossing of two varieties: Popular and Cure. Its name was received from the Kokinsky strongpoint of the All-Russian Selection and Technology Institute of Horticulture and Nursery, where it was created.
Pear Kokin Description:
- maturity period is autumn;
- medium sized, wide-pear shaped fruit weighing 100-200 grams;
- yield - up to 100 kg from one tree, with age it rises;
- good frost resistance;
- the variety well resists scab and other fungal diseases, and the fruits are more resistant than foliage;
- good transportability;
- fructifies for 4-5 years;
- propagates by seedlings, seeds, cuttings;
- life expectancy up to 25 years.
Advantages and disadvantages
Any fruit plant is differentmerits and demerits. The merits of this variety include amazing fruits of their own taste. Delicate juicy pulp with dessert taste, semi-oily, fine-grained, retains its qualities until November. For this, the fruits harvested in late August or early September are stored in refrigerators.
An unpretentious tree with good frost resistance and high yield is very attractive and promising for cultivation in the central strip of the country.
As a drawback, experts note a decrease in the size of the fetus at a high yield.
Pear Kokinskaya differs by somefeatures of agricultural technology. For planting the south-eastern, south-western or southern slopes will be well suited. The best soils for plants will be loamy and sandy loam with a reaction pH of 4.5-6.5 (neutral). A high alkaline reaction is detrimental to pears, while acidic, slightly acidic soils increase the resistance of trees to scab. Sandy soil promotes rapid growth, which leads to cracking of the bark.
To plant a seedling, dig a hole up toone meter and a depth of 80 cm. Planted so that the root neck was above the soil level no less than 5 cm. A very deep planting causes drying of the tips of the branches and a delay in fruiting. The level of groundwater should not exceed 2 meters.
Weeds around the trunk must be removed, especially in the first couple of years after planting. The grass between the trees at a height of 15 cm is undermanned and left as a fertilizer.
Pear Kokinskaya has a pyramidal shape,due to horizontal deflection of shoots. This procedure is repeated every year in May-June, when the length of shoots reaches 15 cm. Forming pruning is performed after planting of seedlings. Annual plants in spring cut at a height of up to 90 cm, and for biennials remove all branches, leaving 50 cm. The main formation of the crown is carried out in the first three years. Particular attention is paid to the conductor, removing strong vertical shoots.
Despite good frost resistance, pearKokinskaya in the first 5 years of life needs warming. For winter, the plants are whitened with chalk solution (for lime grown trees use lime mortar) and warmed, tying the trunks with spruce branches. In addition, mulch sawdust, humus, peat or compost.
Pear Kokinskaya is very tasty fresh.The fruits go for jam and compotes. Pears are great for making jam, marmalade, candied fruits and wine. Traditional medicine and modern pharmacology use the healing properties of plants for the treatment of bronchitis and acute respiratory diseases.
Pear wood is highly valued among artists andsculptors for their strength, original design and compliance in the processing. It goes to making musical instruments, furniture, toys, souvenirs and even jewelry.