How is pneumonia treated? Useful recommendations
Pneumonia is very common and quitea dangerous disease. This disease affects all categories of the population regardless of gender and age. That is why questions such as how to treat pneumonia and whether it is possible to conduct therapy at home are so important.
Why does pneumonia occur?
It's no secret that usually inflammationis the result of an infectious disease of the body. In the role of causative agent of pneumonia, bacteria most often act, although often the disease is associated with viruses and even fungal microorganisms. Undoubtedly, the infection can get from the outside through the upper respiratory tract. Nevertheless, often pneumonia is the result of a decrease in the activity of the immune system, as a result of which there is an increased multiplication of conditionally pathogenic microorganisms.
How to recognize pneumonia?
In fact, the symptoms that accompanypneumonia, are not always specific. A similar clinical picture can also be observed with colds or bronchitis. That is why before you understand how to treat pneumonia, it is worth to learn more about the main signs of the disease.
- Certainly, one of the symptoms of pneumonia is a severe cough.
- In addition, the disease is accompanied by distinct pains in the chest, which intensify during coughing.
- One of the characteristic signs of the disease is also persistent severe shortness of breath.
- In addition, the inflammatory process is accompanied bya significant increase in body temperature, weakness, drowsiness, dizziness and other symptoms of intoxication. And if the bronchitis and colds fever lasts only a few days, then with pneumonia, this deterioration of well-being may be present much longer.
With such signs it is necessary as much as possiblerather, see a doctor. Only a specialist knows how to treat pneumonia. In addition, for the beginning it is necessary to put the correct diagnosis, and without examination, auscultation and radiologic examination of the lungs, it is practically impossible.
How is pneumonia treated?
In fact, the therapy scheme depends on the severitystate of the patient, and also on the nature of the pathogen. Immediately it is worth noting that during treatment, bed rest and rest are mandatory. But hospitalization of the patient is required only in 20% of cases - most often the treatment is quite possible and at home.
To begin with, the doctor prescribes a symptomatictreatment. In particular, it is necessary to take mucolytic drugs that facilitate the withdrawal of phlegm and relieve the patient of attacks of a suffocating dry cough. Antipyretic drugs are necessary only in case of severe fever.
It's no secret that the disease is treated withusing antibiotics. However, this remedy for pneumonia is advisable only if the pathogen is bacteria. The schedule of reception and the duration of the course of taking such drugs are determined individually.
Nutrition and drinking regime are extremely importantpatient. Food should be high in calories, but at the same time it is easy to digest. Experts recommend to enrich the diet of the patient with fresh vegetable salads and fruits, because the vitamins present in them strengthen the immune system and speed up the healing process. The patient needs to drink at least three liters of fluid a day - this provides protection from dehydration, speeds up the removal of toxins from the body, and facilitates the departure of sputum.
Treatment of inflammation, usually lasts from 2 to 4 weeks.