Kinds of single combats. Martial Arts: Species
All kinds of martial arts originate from the ancienttimes when for the protection of families, villages and tribes, styles of combat were developed and applied to enemies. Of course, at first the old martial arts were rather primitive and did not reveal the possibilities of the human body, but over time they were perfected and transformed into completely different directions, making it more violent and aggressive (Thai boxing) or, conversely, soft, but no less effective (Wing Chun ).
Ancient types of martial arts
Most historians consider the ancestor of all oriental martial arts wushu, but in the refutation of this there are other opinions, supported by the facts:
- The very first single combat arose in 648 BC and was called the "Greek pankration".
- The Turkic people, who lived on the territory of modern Uzbekistan, developed combat kerash, which became the ancestor of modern martial arts.
- Hindus, like other peoples, also practiced the creation of an effective method of struggle and, in the opinion of many historians, it was they who initiated the development of combat schools in China and the rest of the East.
Note: the third hypothesis is considered the most real, and its study continues even now.
Martial Arts: Types and Differences
In the East martial arts have a completely differentpurpose than in Europe or America, everything here is not so much in self-defense as in the spiritual development of man through the performance of physical tasks, the correct overcoming of which allows us to reach the next level of harmony of the soul.
The best types of martial arts in European countriesare based solely on self-defense and the protection of man and society, and in the oriental arts of fighting everything is completely different, there it is not the best solution to the problem to cripple a person.
When considering martial arts, most oftenbegin with China, which, according to many people, has introduced martial arts of oriental origin to other states, but many other countries to the east that practice martial arts and with great success are gaining followers around the world.
Karate and judo are the most popular orientalsingle combat. The species, of course, are not limited to just two styles, no, there are quite a few of them, but the subspecies of both famous techniques are even greater, and today many schools insist that their style is real and topical.
Chinese martial arts
In ancient China, people practiced Wushu, but before 520BC this kind of martial arts stood on the "dead center" of development, and only helped protect the inhabitants of the country from raids by surrounding tribes and feudal lords.
In 520 BC a monk comes to Chinanamed Bodhidharma from the territory of modern India and, by agreement with the Emperor of the country in the Shaolin Monastery, creates his own residence, where he begins to practice the fusion of his martial arts knowledge with Chinese Wushu.
Bodhidharma did not work on the mere fusion of Wushu andhis martial art, he did a great job, during which China switched to Buddhism, although he had previously confessed to Confucianism and in some parts of the country, Taoism. But the most important achievement of a monk from India is the transformation of Wushu into spiritual art with elements of gymnastics and at the same time the strengthening of the combat side of combat.
After the work of the Indian monk Shaolinmonasteries began to develop the direction of Wushu and create sports, combat and health-improving styles of martial arts. Having spent many years teaching Chinese, the Wushu masters reached the island of Okinawa (previously not belonging to Japan, but practicing jujitsu), where they studied Japanese martial arts styles and developed the famous karate.
Japanese martial arts
The first kind of martial art in Japan is jujitsu, which was not based on contact with the enemy, but on giving in to him and winning.
During the development of the Japanese style of self-defensethe basis was the state of mind and concentration on the enemy in such a way that the fighter would cease to see the environment and fully concentrate on the opponent.
Jiu-jitsu is the foundertoday's judo, with the exception of traumatic throws and deadly blows at the enemy's pain points, but the basis for both skills of fighting the enemy is to yield to victory.
Popular martial arts exist not onlyin the form of serious opposing techniques, and in many of them there are styles that were originally developed as combat sports. Types of contact techniques, which today refer to sports, are estimated in dozens, but the most popular ones are boxing, karate, judo, but mixed martial arts of MMA and others are gradually gaining popularity.
One of the first to come to the sport was boxing, the goalwhich to inflict maximum harm to the enemy, so that he could not see or the judge stopped the fight because of the abundance of blood. Judo and karate, unlike boxing, are soft, forbid contact in person, because of what they are valued not as a means of self-defense, but as combat. Kinds of sport like boxing or mixed battles are gaining popularity due to contact and aggression, which gives them great ratings.
Other types of martial arts
Each country has its own single combats, which were developed in the style of behavior of residents or their living conditions.
A serious example of the development of martial art in the style of life and weather conditions is the Old Russian style of fighting lyubki.
Russian martial art in the old daysprepared simple peasants for self-defense even against professional soldiers, for which it was invented on the principle of local weather conditions. During the Maslenitsa, the peasants played a popular game on ice, where several rows of residents (men) went on each other and had to break through the "wall" of the enemy, and physical contact was allowed (except for the face and groin area).
The ice prepared the peasants for the complexity andforced to learn to maintain balance even under difficult conditions, and the combat itself was not aimed at harming, nevertheless, the soldiers should be sent to the opponent in a knockout (unconscious state).