Lambrusco - grape variety or sparkling wine: reviews and production features
Lambrusco is an Italian grape variety, as well as a sparkling wine with the aroma of violets, a rich fruity flavor and a light almond or berry aftertaste, which is traditionally produced in Emilia-Romagna and Lombardy.
From Caesar to Kjarli
Sparkling wine "Lambrusco" began to make in Italy long before the heyday of the Roman Empire. It was first obtained in Madena at the turn of our era, and Lambrusco grapes were then grown in many provinces of Emilia-Romagna.
There is a wine from an ancient variety of wild grapes. Initially, “Lambrusco” called very different varieties, which were obtained from the local wild-growing vines. Since the "free" easily interbred with various cultural types of grapes. Vine was unpretentious. A very significant amount was obtained even in a small area of such “wild” varieties, but quite worthy in taste.
Today, "Lambrusco" refers to wine made from several related local varieties. The name of specific species, such as Grasparossa, Maestri, Marani, Monterico, Salamino, Sorbara, is used to designate the brand of one or another "Lambrusco" to distinguish the palette of taste and the quality of the wine produced from them.
One of the oldest families involved in the production of wines "Lambrusco" in Italy, is the family Kjarli. In 2002, the fourth generation (Mauro and Anselmo Kjarli) launched an ambitious project to raise the company's former prestige and improve the quality of the old recipes for the production of alcoholic beverages "Lambrusco". Under their competent leadership, the production of sparkling wines, in the opinion of employees and consumers, combined the best winemaking traditions and the innovation of modern technologies, which made it possible to create an almost perfect, but also recognizable and unique Lambrusco Dell'Emilia Chiarli 1860.
The technology of vintage "Lambrusco" for several centuries has not changed too much. For a good drink you need to wait for the full maturity of the grapes.Then the berries are squeezed out and the wine is prepared from the resulting juice.
After the primary fermentation, it is poured into hermetic metal containers, and the process of secondary fermentation begins. Then the product is bottled, which is sealed with a stopper that can withstand pressure from the inside. After that, the wine goes on sale immediately. This method of making sparkling wines was named "Method of Charm". From the expensive bottled secondary fermentation, which receive champagne, it is distinguished by its relative cheapness and simplicity of obtaining an excellent product.
The strength of the resulting drink is from 8 to 12 degrees, and the bottles are usually used in a 0.75 liter spill. The shelf life of the drink under the right conditions (in a dark place with no more than 85% air humidity and in the temperature range from 15 to 20 degrees) is not limited.
Rise and sad reality
Lambrusco products became very popular in the USA in the 70s due to its unsurpassed taste and low cost. Numerous enthusiastic reviews of red semi-sweet sparkling wine "Lambrusco" sounded on TV screens, mentioned in popular novels, and enterprising Italians quickly flooded the American market with an inexpensive, high-quality "Lambrusco."For several decades, this drink has experienced an era of prosperity and international recognition.
"Lambrusco" - sparkling wine, reviews of which are mostly positive. He was favored in the Soviet Union. After all, in the domestic market sweet and semi-sweet wines were very popular and in demand.
Now there is a new era of gourmet and enofilov, which dictate unique trends in dishes and drinks. On the previously popular sweet and semi-sweet brands hang brand "not very." However, true connoisseurs of sparkling wines are well aware of the merits of "Lambrusco" and are able even in the turbulent sea of plenty of supermarkets and dubious wine boutiques to find very inexpensive, but excellent in texture and taste.
White wine from red grapes
Oddly enough, both red and rosé wine and white are produced from red Lambrusco grapes. Although the classic "Lambrusco" - is a red sparkling wine. White variants are also produced mainly from Reggiano. A similar color is achieved by eliminating the contact of the pulp of berries with their ridges and skin. With brief contact, pink varieties of Lambrusco are obtained.Sparkling wine can also be different - from quiet to slightly saturated or filled with invigorating bubbles, like real champagne.
Sorbara, Grasparossa and Salami
According to reviews of sparkling wine "Lambrusco Sorbara", it is the lightest in color, with delicate sparkling and rich taste, which it receives due to the habit of the vine to drop some flowers before the formation of berries, because of which the remaining fruits get a special dose of fruit acidity and flavor. Up to 40% of Lambrusco Salamino varieties are allowed in this variety.
"Lambrusco Grasparossa di Castelvetro" - red semi-sweet sparkling wine, according to reviews of fans and gourmets, the most rich in color and taste. It possesses the whole bouquet of berry notes, magnificent gentle foam and high alcoholic content.
"Lambrusco Salamino di Santa Croce" got its name due to the special shape of the grape brushes - dense and cylindrically elongated like salami bars. It is usually made in the frizzante style in a dry or semi-sweet version, and should consist of Lambrusco Salamino at least 90%.
Most excellent lovers of alcoholic delights in reviews of red sparkling wine "Lambrusco" rate it as a delicious feminine wine, after which no headache, and remain fleeting semisweet memories. Many recommend "Lambrusco" as a "Royal Bordeaux", which will be an excellent aperitif for hot dishes and make the company light desserts.
And it is especially pleasing in the "Lambrusco" sparkling combination of price and quality, which surprises with its diversity, unique bouquet of taste and fanciful fantasies about sunny and fragrant Italy.