Millions of cities - how many are there in Russia and in the world?
Million-plus cities (or millionaires) are cities whose population exceeds one million inhabitants. How many such cities are located within our country? And what are these cities? This will tell our article.
Million cities of the world and their geography
The population of our planet is growing rapidly. And if a couple of centuries ago, the city had only a few thousand inhabitants, today the population of many of them is already hundreds of thousands. And some megalopolises have already received the status of "millionaires". This means that at least one million people live in them. Unimaginably huge figure!
If you believe the historical documents, then the first city on the planet, which reached the mark of one million inhabitants, became ancient Rome. It happened approximately at the very beginning of our era. However, in the V century, the city lost this status. In the first millennium, Baghdad and the Chinese city of Xi'an also became millionaire cities.If you believe other sources, then it is quite possible that by the end of the first millennium there were still a few Chinese cities with a millionaires.
The population of our planet began to grow rapidly in the twentieth century. And if in the middle of the XIX century all the million cities of the world could be counted on the fingers of one hand, then in 1980 there were already more than two hundred! In which countries of such cities most? And how many million-plus cities in Russia today?
Today, such cities on the planet, according to various estimates, range from 300 to 500. It is worth noting that million-plus cities are placed on the world map extremely unevenly. Thus, the absolute leaders in terms of their number are: China (from 53 to 61, according to various estimates) and India (54 cities). And this is not at all surprising, since approximately one billion (!) People live in these countries. Next in the ranking are: Brazil, Russia, Indonesia, Japan and Nigeria.
So how many million-plus cities in Russia? About this - further in our article.
List of million cities in Russia
As of the beginning of 2015, there are 15 such cities in Russia. Here is a list of all these settlements, located in descending order of population (the number of inhabitants is indicated as of the beginning of 2014):
- Moscow (over 12 million people).
- Ekaterinburg (1.41 million).
- Nizhny Novgorod (1.26 million).
- Kazan (1.19 million).
- Samara (1.17 million).
- Chelyabinsk (1.16 million).
- Omsk (1.16 million).
- Rostov-on-Don (1.11 million).
- Ufa (1.10 million).
- Krasnoyarsk (1.04 million).
- Perm (1.03 million).
- Volgograd (1.03 million).
- Voronezh (1.01 million).
Two more cities of Russia - Saratov and Krasnodar - are a little less than one million inhabitants.
It is interesting to note that in the territory of Russia the million-plus cities are also located very unevenly. Most of them are located within the European part of the country. If we take into account the economic regionalization of Russia, then the maximum number of cities with millionaires is in the Ural economic region.
About 20% of the total population of the Russian Federation lives in all of the above cities.
The value of million cities
Millions of cities serve as strongholds, on the basis of which the socio-economic framework of any territory or state is formed. They are powerful locomotives for the economic development of the country.
Millionaire cities, as a rule, act as important industrial, cultural and scientific centers, which pull together the best human resources.It is curious that in Soviet times the million-plus city had a number of privileges over other settlements. In particular, he received the right to build a subway.
Moscow is a multi-millionaire city of Russia
The largest metropolis of the planet reached the milestone of one million people at the end of the nineteenth century (in 1897, to be exact). However, until the 20s of the twentieth century, Moscow was still inferior in number of population to St. Petersburg. Only a reverse transfer of the Russian capital to Moscow helped to rectify this situation.
In the second half of the last century, the growth rate of the population of Moscow was approximately one million people over a decade. An interesting picture was observed in the post-Soviet period (and continues to be observed now), when the population of Moscow grew steadily, despite the general negative indicators of population growth in the country. Today, more than 12 million people live in the city, and Moscow itself continues to grow in breadth.
St. Petersburg - the second most populous city in Russia
St. Petersburg overcame the mark of one million inhabitants a little earlier than Moscow did - in 1890.After that, the population dynamics of the city were characterized by very strong jumps, which is explained, first of all, by the First World War, the Civil War and the Great Patriotic War.
In 1988, the historical maximum of the population of St. Petersburg was recorded (over 5 million people), after which the city’s population began to decline. And only in 2012 the city again surpassed the mark of five million inhabitants.
Now you know how many million-plus cities there are in our country. There are 15 of them. On the planet, there are several hundred millionaire cities, and they are located very unevenly. So, most of them are located in two countries of the world - in India and China.