Mulching - what is it? How to apply mulching correctly?
"Mulching - what is it?" - asked many novice gardeners. It is possible to decipher this concept as a coating of the upper layer. This substance is capable of performing protective functions, as well as increasing the fertility of the earth. A variety of organic materials can be used for mulch. This event is carried out by all people who are interested in the plants on their site grow healthy.
How is mulching applied?
What is it, they ask not only inexperienced lovers of growing plants, but also many gardeners, because in the warm season the mulch performs not only a protective and nutritious function, but also exhibits other properties. If you lay a layer of mulch more than 5 cm wide, the number of unnecessary plants will be reduced by 5 times.
Between the rows of elite plantations lay out layers of mulch, as it creates a shadow, which prevents the growth of dangerous weeds.When using mulch, water is saved, since organic elements laid over the soil artificially create a shadow. The need for loosening appears much less frequently, since the top layer of soil is saturated with substances that are constantly in a soft state.
Mulching is especially important in very hot weather, because it is thanks to him that the healthy appearance of the plants is preserved, and sometimes their death is prevented. The top layer of this fertilizer allows you to maintain optimum moisture and temperature for the fertile soil layer, which helps plants to be healthy, grow and develop in ideal conditions.
Mulching is also performed before the onset of autumn. What it is, can tell its purpose. In cold weather, it protects the soil from freezing, so the seeds planted in the fall are saved. Also, in strong winds or with constant rains, mulching is used to protect the fertile soil layer from weathering or excessive moisture. This helps plants to survive well for next year's shoot.
For mulching most often used various organic materials, but in some cases, suitable inorganic raw materials. These are gravel, sand, plastic and plastic.Recently, materials made from polypropylene fibers have become popular, especially recognizable geotextiles, as it is distinguished not only by its excellent quality, but also by its reasonable price. Benefit brings carbon black, as it is able to absorb sunlight, which allows to destroy all the weeds that are under it.
Benefits of Mulching
The beneficial effects that mulch has on plants:
- It allows water to remain in the soil for a long time and is spent only for its intended purpose, practically evaporating under the action of sunlight.
- Reduces the number of weeds.
- It does not allow too much overheating of the soil in summer and freezing in the cold season.
- Helps eliminate sprays that can contain dangerous bacteria, so they do not fall on the plants.
- Prevents soil erosion.
- It prevents the appearance of a hard crust on the soil, which helps any incoming fluid to be effectively absorbed.
- Leaves the earth loosened for a long time.
- Plants that are surrounded by mulch form a large number of adventitious roots.
This substance allows for a long time to keep the soil moisture, as it provides reliable protection from the action of sunlight. The particle size distribution of the soil is almost irrelevant, since practically any type of soil is suitable for mulching with peat.
Peat helps to turn a heavy soil into a rather soft and loose. It makes the earth with a lot of sand more cohesive, enhances its ability to absorb and retain moisture. With it, you can carry out continuous mulching. What it is, it becomes clear when drawing up a uniform layer of soil, but in most cases peat is not ideal for this. Peat is great for covering mulch rows of garlic or vegetable crops when planting. It can be used both in autumn and in winter.
Under the peat there is always a crust that protects the planting from negative environmental factors. The material itself has dark outlines, so the plants are not exposed to too strong temperature fluctuations, which is of particular importance in the springtime.
Chips and bark
These materials are usually used as decorative finishes on the beds, which allows not to leave the ground bare at any time of the year.It is recommended to use pieces of bark that are between 1 and 5 cm in size. Especially effective bark mulching is suitable for fruit plants, among which are not only trees, but also shrubs. The most favorable effect on raspberries of any kind.
Pine or spruce needles
It is used for mulching strawberries. If it is tightly placed between all rows, it will help to keep most of the bushes from gray rot. This dangerous disease can not be transmitted from row to row, so even when infected with this ailment, the minimum number of plants will die. Also, when the berries appear, this mulch helps to keep them clean and fresh in appearance even after heavy rain.
This material must first be well repainted. Soil mulching is desirable to carry out with mixing, together with a layer of soil, and not spread directly on it. If this is not done, the disappearance of many nutrients that are beneficial to plants is possible. The most tangible and significant are the loss of nitrogen.
This fertilizer is less effective than manure.It has the nutrients with which the soil structure is restored and renewed. With the help of this substance, its composition becomes more complete, and the material itself helps prevent both severe overheating and overcooling.
This material is not always used for mulching, but it is often used for gardens if there is a distance between the rows, like a lawn way of keeping paths. Mulching with grass is great for vegetable beds, but for this purpose it must be completely dry beforehand in direct sunlight. If you do not wait for this, the grass will quickly rot, which will make it useless, and the owners will have to remove substances with an unpleasant smell.
Grass mulching can be done even with ordinary weeds that have been dug out of the beds. You need to make sure that all these plants are small in size and small age, as well-established earlier weeds can take root again on the soil, which will worsen its positive qualities.
It is prohibited to mulch the beds by weeds that have already passed the flowering period. It is desirable to apply all grass for mulching where it will be most pertinent.There are many examples of competent use of waste from harvesting or weeding the beds. When pasynkovanie tomatoes, unnecessary elements, along with the tops of potatoes should be put under the bushes of gooseberry and black currant. These elements are necessary for all plants that are at risk of contracting fungal diseases.
They are perfectly used for garden plants, as well as for those crops that bear fruit for several years. Mulching with sawdust is not recommended for those plants that live only one year. This caution is due to the fact that sawdust is able to mix greatly with the soil during the implementation of the treatment in the autumn, which leads to its significant oxidation and a decrease in the amount of nitrogen. It is advisable to use mulching with sawdust that has been tested for freshness, additionally using ash in large quantities and various fertilizers that are able to saturate the soil with nitrogen.
Excellent and common material used for mulching. Its part is used in rural areas, as almost everyone has it, and, if necessary, it is cheap to buy.The disadvantage of this fertilizer is an increased likelihood of weed seeds, including in large quantities. Straw mulching should be done with substances that contain a lot of nitrogen.
This fertilizer contains a large amount of nitrogen and potassium, which effectively affects the growth and appearance of plants. Nettle as mulch helps to rid them not only of diseases, but also of pests. Beveled nettles spread over plants. It is usually used for small bushes, such as cucumbers, tomatoes, or even potatoes.
With the help of mulching nettle, you can completely get rid of weeds or significantly reduce their germination and development. This plant is able to scare away slugs and other insects, leaving the stalks and roots of useful plantings intact. Nettle mulching significantly softens the soil. It does not allow erosion.
Competently carried out mulching of beds helps enrich the soil with useful substances and protect plants from many harmful effects. Depending on the planted area, different types of mulch are used.