Nobel laureate Malala Yusufzai: biography, achievements and interesting facts
Malala Yusufzai - Pakistani human rights activist. In 2013, the European Parliament awarded her the prestigious international Andrei Sakharov Prize for freedom of thought. According to the chairman Martin Schulz, the deputies recognized the extraordinary moral force of this girl. A year later, it was appreciated by the Nobel Committee. On October 10, an activist from Pakistan was named the winner of the 2014 World Peace Prize.
Who is Malala Yusufzai?
Her name was recognized by the whole world two years before the award of an international award - in 2012. The Nobel Prize Malala Yusufzai received for active struggle against the oppression of young people and their right to education. She became the youngest winner.
The Pakistani girl began to engage in social activities when she was only eleven years old. First in his blog, and then in an interview with the media,Malala publicly talked about how Islamic radicals forbid girls to get even a secondary education. She was not afraid to tell the truth.
The popularity of Malala Yusufzai grew not only in his native Pakistan, but also beyond. Radicals did not like it. In October 2012, Malalu was assassinated by militants of the radical Islamic Taliban movement. The girl was wounded in the neck and head. Miraculously, she managed to survive. The attack did not break the will of Malala. After prolonged treatment in the UK, she continued to fight for the rights of women to education.
In 2013, the girl, after receiving the Andrei Sakharov Prize, was invited to the UN General Assembly. The speech, delivered by Malala Yusufzai, was called by many the most powerful of those that were ever spoken in the walls of the United Nations headquarters in New York.
Malala Yusufzai was born in 1997. Her hometown is Mingor, located in the Swat valley. By nationality Malala - pashtunka. Religiously Muslim Sunnite. The Pashtuns are the Iranian people who inhabit the southwest, southeast and south of Afghanistan, and also northwest Pakistan. The overwhelming majority of representatives of this nationality adheres to Sunni Islam, which often takes radical forms.In Pakistan, Pashtuns are largely controlled by the Taliban movement.
Malala Yusufzai was born in the family of a public figure. Her father is the owner of a private school. He is certainly the man who had a significant influence on the girl in her early years. Unlike most residents of Pakistan, the future Nobel laureate Malala Yusufzai received education.
In 2009, Malala’s father suggested that a BBC employee publish diaries from a student at his school. Thus, the crimes of the Taliban, which had conquered Swat Valley by that time, would have been known all over the world. At first this was done by another girl. However, the parents of the schoolgirl forbade her. Fear of the Taliban covers a large part of the population of the Swat Valley. Then the heroine of today's article began to write. Malala wrote the notes by hand, then the reporter scanned them and sent them to the BBC website.
In the winter of 2009, girls were no longer able to attend school. Another conflict broke out in the country. The Taliban have closed women's school. True, after a temporary truce, it was reopened. But the shooting in the city continued.Locals feared that a real war would soon break out.
Pakistani Anne Frank
The last entry on the BBC website Malala Yusufzai sent in March 2009. After that, she and her father continued their advocacy. Malala often appeared on television, starred in a documentary film, regularly gave interviews. As one would expect, at some point the girl and her father began to receive threats from the Taliban.
October 9, 2012 Malala returned home by bus. Suddenly, a masked thriller burst into the salon. He shot several times at her, in addition, injured two more schoolgirls. Yusufzai was hospitalized. Fortunately, the bullet went right through and did not hurt the vital organs. Doctors managed to save her. When Malala's condition stabilized, she was sent by plane to the UK. During the injury, she lost her hearing, which took a long time to recover.
The attempt on a 15-year-old human rights defender has caused a huge storm of indignation around the world. The UN Secretary-General called this crime a "cowardly and repugnant act." Laura Bush compared the Pakistani girl with Anne Frank, who, like Malala, kept a diary on the tragic days for her homeland, describing the terror she witnessed.
The government of Pakistan promised 10 million rupees (more than 100 thousand dollars) to those who provide information on the whereabouts of the criminals. Their names are known today. However, they are still at large.
UN speech: Malala Yusufzai
The human rights activist was invited to the UN General Assembly on July 12, 2013 - the sixteenth day of her birth. During the speech, she spoke about the feelings after the attempt. According to Malala Yusufzai, the terrorists did not manage to intimidate her. After the crime committed by the Taliban in 2012, nothing has changed in her life. Except for one thing: fear, weakness and hopelessness died in it.
The human rights activist also stressed that in her soul there is no place for hatred even towards the Taliban. She believes that everyone has the right to education, and she wants future sons and daughters of radical Islamists to also attend school in the future. The right to education is even mentioned in the Koran.
About 50 million children in the world today do not attend school. More than half of them are girls. In Pakistan, girls are forced to marry. At a young age, they are forced to start a family life, about getting education and not talking.
The performance of Malala Yusufzai caused a new resonance in the world. The media increasingly began to discuss the problems of education in developing countries.
Anna Politkovskaya Prize
Malala Yusufzai is a laureate of several international awards. In 2013, she was awarded the Anna Politkovskaya Prize. This public award was established by RAW in War in 2007. For ten years, human rights activists from different countries received the award. Among them: Halima Bashir, Razan Zeytuneh, Natalia Estemirova.
Malala Yusufzai was awarded the Anna Politkovskaya Award for courage, which she showed when the others were silent, for the power of the statements made on behalf of girls and women whose voices are not heard. In the list of the most influential people in 2013, the Pakistani human rights activist, according to the Times magazine, ranked second.
In 2013, an autobiography of a human rights activist was published in English. Malala Yusufzai wrote a book in collaboration with journalist K. Lamb. Shahidull Shahid, a representative of the Taliban, commented on the publication of the book quite unequivocally. He said that at the next opportunity, Islamist radicals would certainly kill Malala.At the same time, he added that although the killing of women by Islam forbids Islam, an exception can be made. After all, we are talking about the destruction of the wrong.
“I am Malala Yusufzai”
In 2014, a book by Pakistani activists was translated into four languages. In 2015 I published in Russian. There are no negative reviews about this biographical work among Russian readers.
The achievement of peace is possible only after the destruction of illiteracy. Knowledge brings up citizenship, forms humanistic views, develops tolerance in a person. Of course, not every educated person is an ardent opponent of the war. But a civilized society cannot consist of illiterate people.
The Taliban is a movement cultivated on the basis of illiteracy. For women, his representatives are tougher than the landowners of the XIX century to their courtyards. A girl striving for knowledge is an alien phenomenon for them. And therefore subject to destruction.
In the book, Malala Yusufzai told readers not only about human rights activities, the attempted assassination of the Taliban and receiving international prizes. She told about his childhood, about his father and about the school he owned.
The book is written in a calm narrative manner. It is precisely because her impressions are especially strong. A modern person who does not know what war is is difficult to imagine the conditions under which people live in Afghanistan and Pakistan. The book tells not only the life of Malala. It details the history of the birth of the Taliban: the relationship between the United States and Pakistan, the capture and murder of Bin Laden, etc.
Life in Pakistan
It is difficult to imagine that there are settlements in the modern world, where girls go to school in secret, hiding textbooks under clothes. Where teens have to fight for school, risking their lives. A woman there has no right to live in the same house with a man who does not have to be her relative. And a girl with her head uncovered is a bold appeal for independence that can lead to rather unpleasant consequences.
In Pakistan, anyone, even if he is not a Muslim, for a minor statement against the Prophet can be accused of blasphemy and sentenced to death. The governor of one of the cities once declared the need to pardon a “criminal” who expressed disrespect towards Allah. The governor was killed. People praised the killer as a hero.
Those few Pakistani girls who have access to education can later become a doctor or teacher. All other professions are closed to them. And finally, there are regions in the country in which it is impossible to find a single competent woman. All this civilized society today can learn thanks to people like Malala Yusufzai.