Pharmaceutical preparation "Pentaxim". Reviews, indications, contraindications
Pharmaceutical "Pentaxim" (reviews aboutwhich can be found different) is used to prevent the occurrence of diseases such as tetanus, diphtheria, whooping cough, poliomyelitis and hemophilia.
The preparation is a lyophilizate, fromwhich prepares a suspension administered intramuscularly. In its composition - an adsorbed vaccine for the prevention of tetanus and diphtheria, acellular pertussis and inactivated poliomyelitis.
Vaccination "Pentaxim", reviews about whichcontradictory, has in its composition the following active substances: filamentous hemagglutinin, pertussis, tetanus and diphtheria toxoid, the first, second and third type poliomyelitis virus is inactivated. The auxiliary components are aluminum hydroxide, Hanks medium, formaldehyde, phenoxyethanol, water for injection, acetic acid (or sodium hydroxide).
The vaccine "Pentaxim" (reviews about it are numerous),used to prevent hemophilia, has a slightly different composition. Thus, the active substance in it is the polysaccharide Haemophilus influenzae type b, which is conjugated to tetanus toxoid. Additional substances - trometamol and sucrose.
Means "Pentaxim" (reviews about it diametricallyopposite), whose action is directed to the prevention of diphtheria, poliomyelitis, whooping cough and tetanus, is an off-white muddy suspension. The hemophilia vaccine is a white homogenous lyophilizate.
The vaccine in question is applicable to children,who reached the age of three months. It is contraindicated for people with progressive encephalopathy (with or without seizures), and a similar disease that developed within seven days after vaccination with Bordetella pertussis antigens. In addition, the drug is not prescribed for administration to patients who, within two days after vaccination with this medication, body temperature increased to forty degrees Celsius, developed an unusual long crying syndrome or hypotonic-hyporeactive, and afebrile or febrile seizures were observed.
Means "Pentaxim" (reviews the most diverse)should be administered at half a milliliter intramuscularly. It is introduced, as a rule, in the middle third of the anterior-lateral region of the thigh. The vaccine is not administered either intravenously or subcutaneously.
The course consists of three injections, produced at intervals of four to eight weeks (from the third month of life of the child). Revaccination is carried out at the age of eighteen months (a single dose is administered).
When the vaccination schedule is shifted, all subsequent intervals between vaccinations are not changed (including a break before the fourth dose, twelve months).
Vaccination "Pentaxim", parents' feedback isconfirm, may cause the child to have local and general adverse reactions. Among the former, pain in the area of administration, redness and tightness in the injection zone (usually less than five centimeters in diameter) is noted. These reactions can be observed for up to two days after vaccination.
Common negative manifestations are fever, crying, anorexia, vomiting, loose stools, drowsiness, irritability, insomnia.
In very rare cases, there may be rashes, hives, swelling of the face, shock.
It is noted that the treatment in question is notprovides the formation of immunity against infections, the source of which are other serotypes of Haemophilus influenzae, as well as against meningitis of other origin.
It is very important to inform the district pediatricianabout all the facts of manifestation of undesirable effects. Based on these data, the child's vaccination schedule will be adjusted, which will minimize the risk of further complications.
Health to you and your children!