Pioneer tie is a symbol of the USSR era
In the minds of our parents, the image of a Soviet schoolchild was still preserved, an essential attribute of which was a bright red neckerchief-tie. He spoke about the child’s belonging to the most important children's organization - the pioneer. This was the first stage in a complex system of party organizations.
A bit of history
May 19, 1922 - the date of foundation of the pioneer organization. According to some information, the initiator of this event was Nadezhda Krupskaya herself. Become a pioneer could every child from the age of nine.
At first, the pioneer organization received excellent students and activists. At the next meeting, the horns were honored with this honor. At last, the pioneer tie was tied to the most backward and disobedient schoolchildren.
On the solemn meeting held on the occasion of the admission of new members of the pioneer organization, the children took an oath of allegiance to the Motherland. The text of this oath mentioned the names of famous pioneers, heroes.
Despite the alleged voluntariness, the pioneers accepted everyone.Only a few could remain outside the pioneering organization. But in the future the road to both the Komsomol and the party itself was closed to them.
Symbols and signs of pioneers
This organization had several distinctive signs at once: badges, ties and caps. Pioneer detachments also had their own pennants, horns and drums. But they were used only in very solemn occasions.
But the pioneer tie was a daily attribute of each student, along with his school uniform, as well as a badge.
At the moment when the pioneer organization was founded, its members did not have any distinctive signs. There is a version that during one of the congresses or solemn rallies the working women took off their kerchiefs and tied them to their children’s neck, bequeathed to keep them and are proud of them, because they are the same color as the banner.
In contrast to this legend, some historians argue that the idea of using a tie as a distinguishing mark was borrowed, like everything else in the pioneering organization, from English scouts. Only the ideologues of that time were able to add some special meaning to the symbolism that the pioneer tie embodied.The USSR thus created an initial stage in the formation of the communist consciousness in society.
Features pioneer tie
In appearance, it is a triangular scarf, which at its ends symbolized the unity of three generations: pioneers, Komsomol members and party members.Therefore, to keep and protect the pioneer tie was the sacred duty of each pioneer.
All pioneer detachments had ties, made from acetate silk of various shades of red: from bright orange to scarlet. In special cases, the Pioneer leaders could wear ties with a yellow border around the edges.
For all the time, the size of the pioneer tie changed several times. In the end, he fortified with sides of about 61 * 61 * 95 cm.
Initially ties were not tied, but fastened with a special clip. It depicted five logs, enveloped in three languages of the pioneer flame. All this happened on the background of a sickle and hammer under the pioneer slogan "Always ready!"
There are several versions of why clips had to be abandoned. According to the most incredible assumptions, different dissident signs were guessed in the images on the clip.But most likely, the clamps are no longer used because of the complexity of their manufacture. Already in the postwar period, the pioneers switched to the famous knot that connected the ends of the tie.
A neat appearance is the law for the pioneer. Therefore, from the very beginning he should know how to tie a pioneer tie. Fortunately, the knot that he tied was very simple. Children quickly learned to do it themselves.
In order not to get confused with the ends of a tie, it is worth remembering that they are tied onto a double knot, in which the right end should always be wrapped around the left end. In this way, a beautiful volumetric nodule is obtained.
An improperly tied tie was a shame for the pioneer. In some cases, because of this, they were even excluded from the pioneering organization.
With the collapse of the Soviet Union, the pioneer organizations did not cease to exist. In many CIS countries, today is the day of May 19, accepting new members as pioneers.
The main attribute, the pioneer tie, remained unchanged. True, in some countries it has become a different color. Ukraine uses ties of all colors of the rainbow.In Belarus, it is red-green, like the colors of the national flag. In some countries it has remained red.
Some sacredness of admission to the pioneers has also been preserved, when the older generation talks about how to honor this title, prepares for glorious feats and teaches how to tie a pioneer tie.
At the same time, collectors from all over the world dream to get real ties of allied times. Fortunately, due to the fact that they are made of synthetic fabrics, many more samples have been preserved in the closets of most families.
For some, this is generally a family rarity in which more than one generation of pioneers took place. For them, this is not just a flap of red cloth, but a part of an era in which the color and size of the pioneer tie meant as much as love for the motherland.
One can argue a lot about the fact that during the times of the Soviet Union there was a lot of good and bad. But for our moms and dads, grandparents, red ties remain symbols of a happy childhood. They were proud of the title of Pioneer and were ready to defend it even at the cost of their own lives.