Population of Petrozavodsk: number, composition, density. Area of the city of Petrozavodsk
Petrozavodsk is located in the northwestern part of Russia. It is the administrative center of the Republic of Karelia. Heads Prionezhsky district. It occupies the territory of the East European Plain. The area of the city of Petrozavodsk is 135 square kilometers. The settlement is located 400 km from St. Petersburg. To Moscow - about 1 100 km.
The city is included in the list of settlements located in the zone of the Far North. Petrozavodsk is dominated by a temperate continental climate. The winter is long, characterized by an abundance of snow. The average air temperature in Prionezhsky region is +3 ° C. The number of warm days exceeds 130. Cyclones are frequent guests in these parts. Air masses come from the west and bring with them abundant rainfall.
The hottest month is July.At the height of summer, the reading of the thermometer can reach +30 ° C. The coolest time is January. The air temperature drops to -33 ° C. The largest water body in the North-Western District directly affects the weather conditions in the region. City blocks are located on the shores of Lake Onega. The landscape of Petrozavodsk is cut up by the beds of the Tomitsa, Lososinka, Studenets, Neglinka rivers. Some of them are shipping.
For the first time, the population of Petrozavodsk was established in 1723. The number of residents at that time barely reached two thousand people. At the beginning of the XIX century, the city began to actively grow and develop. In 1801, it was home to almost five thousand. In 1856, there are already more than 10,000 people. Up to 1992, the population of Petrozavodsk was constantly increasing. In 1993, it was 279,000. This year was a turning point for the demographic situation in the region.
The years in which growth was noted alternated with periods of natural loss. Thus, in 2001, the number of residents exceeded 282,900, and in 2002 it decreased to 266,160. The population of Petrozavodsk in 2009 reached 271,122. In 2010, demographers stated a planned increase in the number of citizens.Every year the number of inhabitants becomes more by about two thousand. In 2011, 263,500 people were registered in the city. In 2012, already 265,263, in 2013 this figure reached 268,946.
The population of Petrozavodsk in 2017 exceeded 278,000 inhabitants. Birth rates peaked in the sixties of the twentieth century. Today the municipality occupies the seventieth line of the All-Russian rating. The positive dynamics that the city shows are associated not only with a reduction in deaths and an increase in the birth rate, but also with a change in the statistical accounting system.
In 2011, not only migrants who received citizenship, but also visitors who received temporary registration for a period of more than nine months, were classified as residents of the city. The population density of Petrozavodsk is 2,063 people. per square kilometer.
The city is dominated by Russians. Their share exceeds 75%. Karelians account for 9%. The municipality is considered to be a place of compact settlement of representatives of this ethnic group. Every fifth Karel resides in Petrozavodsk. The city has a high concentration of Veps. This is another northern nation that has lived in Karelia from time immemorial.The national composition of the population of Petrozavodsk is represented by five dozen ethnic groups.
These include the Finns. According to statistics, their number exceeds 7 383 or 2.8%. Belarusians about the same. Ukrainians a little less. Their number is 6,255 people or 2.3%. There are many Azerbaijanis, Armenians, Poles and Tatars. There are Gypsies, Jews, Georgians, Germans and Chuvash.
In 2010, employees of the social welfare bodies of Petrozavodsk recorded three long-livers. Their age has passed for 100 years. In total, more than 85,000 retired people are registered on the territory of the municipal center. The average age of older people is 64. There are more than 6,700 people who are over eighty years old. Ninety-year-old citizens of Petrozavodsk are about four hundred people.
The average life expectancy in Karelia is seventy years. The causes of mortality are malignant neoplasms, pathologies of the circulatory system, alcoholism. Doctors managed to reduce the number of cases of maternal and child mortality. Women undergo regular medical examinations.If necessary, they receive material assistance.
Way of life
The Center for Employment of Petrozavodsk claims that vacancies of artisans and artisans in the village are always open. Embroidery on clothing and home textiles, sewing with gold threads, weaving of birch bark, painting on wood are considered traditional for these places. As well as Kuznetsk craft, art carving, the creation of decorative elements and decorations made of dry straw.
Local craftswomen decorate clothes with pearl embroidery, weave mats and carpets. Products from local manufacturers can be purchased in museums, galleries and exhibition centers. The workshops employ a large number of ethnic minorities, as well as persons with disabilities. Employees of the Employment Center of Petrozavodsk note a decrease in the number of unemployed and an increase in the number of able-bodied citizens.
Wages in the city are thirty, and sometimes fifty percent lower than in St. Petersburg. The average resident of Petrozavodsk on average receives fifteen thousand rubles. At the same time official data states that this amount is 20 000.For ten years, incomes of the population have almost doubled. About twenty thousand companies and enterprises are registered on the territory of the municipal district.
In the mining operations involved three plant. There are more than two hundred processing factories. Complexes employed in the production of electricity and maintenance of public highways, more than seventy.
At the disposal of the population of Petrozavodsk - kindergartens, secondary schools, colleges, branches of higher educational institutions, outpatient and hospital complexes. On one resident of the municipal center accounts for about twenty square meters of comfortable housing. The number of existing pre-school institutions exceeds 66. More than 12,000 children are brought up in them.
The educational coverage of children is 82%. The number of secondary schools is constantly increasing. According to official data, there are more than 46 municipal facilities. About 30,000 people study there. Medical institutions are represented by polyclinics, sanatoriums, dispensaries, dispensaries and hospitals.They employ about 2,500 doctors. The number of nursing staff exceeds 4,000.
Fifteen hospital complexes are provided with 3,500 beds. Each outpatient facility is designed to provide medical care to 7,000 citizens of Petrozavodsk. Law enforcement agencies annually record 7,000 crimes. Each attacker accounts for approximately three episodes of violation of the law.
Opportunities and prospects
Petrozavodsk is overgrown with new high-rise housing estates. Improving the quality of life attracts qualified personnel and young people to the region. Every year more than sixty thousand square meters of modern housing are commissioned. The builders report that the number of apartments rented by them almost reached 1,000.
The population of the city serves public transport. There are five municipal routes. Every year, urban transport operators serve about five million passengers. On the territory of the municipality all large cellular companies of Russia represent their services. In addition to voice communications, they offer high-speed Internet access.