Pregnancy Gestosis: Causes and Consequences
Pregnancy is a special condition that canenjoy only a woman. Modern women have access to information that helps the natural, successful pregnancy, but still, they are often faced with all sorts of dangers. One of these can be attributed to gestosis in pregnant women, an insidious disease that occurs in the second half of pregnancy.
Gestosis and its causes
Physical changes lead to improper functioning of important organs and body systems in the second half of pregnancy.
There are no unequivocal statements about the causes of gestosis in pregnant women, but experts suggest the influence of such factors:
- Nervous and mental stress;
- Hormonal disorders;
- Immunological incompatibility of the fetus with the mother;
- Insufficient amount of incoming vitamins.
Symptoms and consequences of gestosis
Gestosis in pregnant women is most often manifestededema, which are the first symptoms of the disease. The peculiarity of the disease lies in the fact that it can be present without causing harm in the first stages. Identify this problem can a doctor who controls the weight of a pregnant woman. Rapid weight gain is an excuse for diagnosing gestosis.
This symptom is so common amongpregnant women, that puffiness on the last terms is considered by many women to be the norm. But the accumulation of fluid occurs in all tissues of the future mother, including in the placenta, and this is already a direct threat to the future baby.
The appearance of protein in the urine of a pregnant woman is the second symptom of gestosis, which indicates abnormalities in kidney function.
Violation of the organs affects the circulatory system, so the third symptom of gestosis is increased blood pressure.
For appointment of treatment to the gynecologist it is enoughObserve one or two symptoms, since gestosis is unpredictable in its further development. The disease can stop at the level of edema and increased pressure, and can provoke convulsive attacks, and disrupt the work of internal organs. These circumstances are dangerous for the life of the mother and child. The probability of developing a threat of exfoliation of a healthy placenta, bleeding, hypoxia and even fading of the fetus is great.
Types of gestosis
Pregnancy Pregnancy Gestosiswithout apparent cause, is called "clean"gestosis, and the developing disease on the background of sick organs, obesity, hypertension and hormonal disorders bears the name of "combined" gestosis.
- The early gestosis of pregnant women, which occurs in the first trimester and is better known as early toxicosis, is accompanied by vomiting of varying complexity;
- Late gestosis of pregnant women. Begins with the second half of pregnancy, accompanied by swelling, high blood pressure and the presence of protein in the blood;
- A rare form of gestosis. It occurs at any stage of pregnancy and, in addition to the main symptoms of gestosis, is accompanied by such consequences as asthma, psychopathy, dermatosis, jaundice, etc.
Treatment and prevention
Depending on the complexity of the diseaseoutpatient or inpatient treatment is allowed. In the first variant, it is sufficient to take the prescribed drugs, observe a strict diet and control the intake and withdrawal of the liquid. The second option deals with difficult cases, here constant monitoring of pregnancy tests is conducted, in-patient therapy is conducted and, if necessary, the doctor decides about premature delivery.
Gestosis is a serious problem that canoccur in any pregnant woman. But, if you decided to give birth to a child and become a mother, then you must remember that you have a huge responsibility for the life of the unborn child. A good prevention of the disease will be the correct regime of the day, a balanced diet, moderate physical activity and sufficient stay in the fresh air. Eliminate the salt from your diet, and let the "pregnant" moods spread to all areas of your life, but not on your diet.