Protein in the urine. Causes and treatment
In the urine of a healthy person, protein is contained in an amount of 0.03 g per liter. Under the influence of many factors, such as stress, illness, physical activity, these numbers can change, as a rule, in a big way. It is quite normal when the protein in the urine, the reasons for which we consider below, increased during a cold, for example, and after recovery its level returned to normal on its own. However, if the high rate persists for a long time, then this is a reason to seek medical advice, as this may indicate the presence of a disease. In this article we will look at why protein in the urine can be elevated. I would like to note that only a doctor can name the exact reason in a specific case.
Causes of increased protein levels
A person's life is very rich, and sometimes there are situations that can affect the protein in the urine, the reasons for which are listed below. These include:
- Supercooling of the body for a long time.
- Increased physical activity or overstrain.
- Stay upright for a long time.
- Eating protein-rich, unprocessed or poorly processed foods.
- Stress, emotional breakdown, neurosis.
- Overheating of the body, burns.
- Epileptic seizure.
The most frequent diseases that can increase protein in the urine
Types of protein in urine
- Microalbuminaria (from 30 to 150 mg).
- Light proteinuria (150 to 500 mg).
- Average proteinuria (from 500 to 1000 mg).
- Severe proteinuria (1000 to 3000 mg).
- Nephritis (more than 3500 mg).
Elevated protein in the urine, the reasons for which we have discussed above, can cause the following symptoms: ache in the bones, fatigue, drowsiness, dizziness, nephropathy, signs of fever (chills, fever), decreased or no appetite, nausea and vomiting.
Determination of urine protein
When referring to a doctor, a patient will be prescribed, in addition to other studies, urinalysis. Moreover, it is necessary to collect urine in 24 hours (day). If this method is inconvenient to the patient, then the research is carried out using electrophoresis and a single portion. With elevated protein, repeat analysis is scheduled after one or two weeks.If its results are unchanged, the next step in the diagnosis will be to check the functionality of the kidneys.
The presence of protein in the urine is not treated. When a disease that causes such an increase is detected, it is eliminated. For example, in diabetes and hypertension, the doctor prescribes specialized diet and therapy. In order to keep the body in good condition, you need to take care of yourself, eat right. In that case, if you find similar symptoms that we have examined above, in yourself, then do not waste time and consult your urologist to determine their source.