Signs of stroke in women. How to recognize a stroke in a woman and provide first aid
A stroke is a sudden development of a blood supply to the brain. At the same time, the vessels of the brain become blocked or breaks.
Stroke in women
There are many reasons for this condition, but most often it is hypertension and other vascular diseases. There are two types of this emergency condition:
- Ischemic stroke. In this case, one or another vessel of the brain becomes blocked, which leads to oxygen starvation, and necrosis of the brain tissue occurs. This condition occurs most often, while its effects are easier to treat.
- Hemorrhagic stroke. Rupture of cerebral vessels leads to hemorrhage.
The risk of developing a stroke of one form or another increases with age. This disease leads among other pathologies that can lead to disability, and is in third place among the causes of death.
There are the following periods of stroke. The duration of the most acute period is 24 hours, after which it becomes acute, which lasts from 1 to 21 days. Subacute begins after 21 days and lasts until the third month. The early recovery period is the period from the third to the sixth month; the last recovery period lasts from six months to a year. After 12 months there is a period of consequences.
It takes a lot of effort and time to beat the disease. Stroke is difficult to treat. It is not always possible to prevent it, even if the causes that lead to the disease and the first signs of this condition are known.
Timely medical care provided, in the event that the first signs of a stroke are found in women, helps prevent the development of serious consequences and avoid death.
Signs to determine stroke
Symptoms depend on which area of the brain has suffered. With the defeat of the right side, signs of a stroke in women will appear on the left. If there is a problem on the left side, symptoms appear on the right.
Another unusual harbinger of the disease is an epileptic seizure, while the person loses consciousness.In the event of convulsive seizures, it is necessary to act immediately. The patient must be put on its side on the pillow, holding his head. Foam that comes out of your mouth should be wiped with a towel to avoid getting into the airways. It is necessary to ensure that a person does not bite his tongue, for which a spoon of a spoon is inserted between the teeth.
The first signs of a woman’s stroke are headache, dizziness, vomiting, and seizures. At the same time, the temperature, loss of orientation in time and space, visual disturbances can sometimes increase.
Signs of a stroke in young women can manifest as acute depression and other emotional disorders.
Nontraditional symptoms are more common in women than in men.
Such signs include the appearance of general weakness, nausea, pain in the face, chest or limbs, difficulty breathing, palpitations, and hiccups. The most frequent symptom is mental disorders, which may be due to the emotional characteristics of women.
The first symptoms of a stroke, which manifest themselves in this way, are the reason for first aid.
To make sure that the state of a woman is connected with a stroke, and not with other reasons, it is necessary to pay attention to some points.
Signs of stroke in women can be suspected by the asymmetry of a smile, when one part of the face is motionless.
Need to ask a woman to utter some phrase. If difficulties arise with this, blood circulation disorders may be suspected.
If a woman, having raised her arms, cannot hold them in this position, this can also indicate the disease.
Such symptoms help to diagnose the disease in a timely manner and provide first aid.
What is different violation of cerebral circulation in women and men
In addition to the classic signs of stroke, there are some symptoms that are characteristic of a particular gender of patients. For example, in men, the disease most often occurs after 40 years, in women - after 60.
In addition, among the fair sex, the development of the disease between the ages of 18 and 35 is more common than in men.
The risk of stroke in women increases the pathological pregnancy, taking birth control pills, migraines, heredity, emotional disorders that are associated with dissatisfaction in personal life.
Men after a stroke recover more easily, their consequences of the disease are not so noticeable. Women transfer such an emergency condition is not so easy, its consequences are more complicated.
In both men and women, a stroke does not appear spontaneously, it can be provoked by another, not such a dangerous disease. Therefore, the first signs of a stroke in a woman and in a man should not be left unnoticed; this condition requires a timely visit to a doctor.
If you suspect a stroke, you should immediately call an ambulance. Late treatment can lead to brain damage and disability.
Before the arrival of the ambulance when stopping breathing, you must do mouth-to-mouth artificial respiration. If a patient has vomiting, you need to turn his head to the side so that the vomit does not get into the lungs. You can not give sick food and food.
Who is at risk?
If a woman suffers from hypertension,diabetes, diseases of the cardiovascular system, smokes for a long time, is overweight, high cholesterol, it increases the risk of developing a condition such as stroke.
The first step is to restore damaged areas of the nervous tissue and protect healthy cells. To restore the affected areas use special drugs - neuroreparents. Protection of healthy cells is provided by neuroprotectors. There are medicines that have both effects, which allows them to be used in the treatment of a condition such as stroke.
The doctor may refer the patient to a full examination to identify diseases that may cause another stroke.
To restore the lost functions of the body, exercise therapy, massage, speech therapy and other exercises are appointed.
Consequences of the disease
Complications of this condition may be temporary or permanent disability.
Depending on how much of the brain is damaged and how long the blood flow has been absent, complications such as paralysis or loss of muscle movements are possible.Physiotherapy is prescribed to improve the condition.
Because of a stroke, speech can be disturbed, difficulties in swallowing can occur. In this case, you need the help of a speech therapist and psychotherapist.
There may be memory impairment and difficulty in understanding a woman who has suffered a stroke. The treatment is carried out with the help of rehabilitation therapy.
After a stroke, there are painful sensations, numbness, tingling in those parts of the body that have suffered. In addition, there may be increased sensitivity to temperature changes. Such feelings pass with time, sometimes you may need medical assistance.
In women who have suffered a stroke, their behavior changes, they may withdraw into themselves, social activity decreases. Sometimes a person loses the ability to take care of himself, he needs outside care and daily care.
The first signs of a stroke in women, such as an asymmetrical smile, dizziness, nausea and headache, confusion of speech, numbness of any parts of the body, require urgent treatment to the doctor and adequate treatment. The sooner the treatment begins, the easier it will be for the patient to recover.