Sodium bicarbonate and use
Sodium bicarbonate (baking soda) representsa crystalline salt, for most people is better known as a white powder with a fine grinding fraction. The name of this product has a number of synonyms: sodium bicarbonate, bicarbonate soda, sodium bicarbonate, baking soda, sodium hydrogen carbonate. It has no smell, it has a salt-alkaline taste. Sufficiently soda dissolves in water, forming an alkaline solution, its basicity depends on the amount of dissolved soda.
In alcohol, sodium bicarbonate is practically notis dissolved, explosive and fireproof, non-toxic. In dry air, sodium hydrogencarbonate does not react, in case of wetting of the fine crystalline salt or in contact with water, a reaction occurs with the release of carbon dioxide. Actively reacts with acids to form new salts and gaseous compounds. At temperatures above 60 degrees, decomposition proceeds, the products of such a process are carbon dioxide, water and sodium carbonate.
Soda, trapped on the mucous membrane, cancause irritation of the respiratory tract. This should be taken into account when sending people for permanent work in the atmosphere, containing the dust of bicarbonate soda. Sodium bicarbonate has practical applications in medicine, food, chemical, light, pharmaceutical and metallurgical industries. It is widely used in everyday life by the population of the country.
The food industry uses sodium bicarbonate for the production of bakery and confectionery products, for the preparation of beverages.
Drinking soda comes as a baking powder intime of baking bread products (used property of soda when heated decompose into components, including carbon dioxide). A good neutralizer of the acid medium is sodium bicarbonate. His formula NaHCO3 is known to everyone who once studied chemistry. As far back as the 19th century, the German doctor Bulrich discovered that bicarbonate soda is capable of removing burning sensation in the esophagus with high acidity. A teaspoon of soda, dissolved in 150 gr. water, can eliminate heartburn.
The ability of sodium bicarbonate solutionneutralize the effect of acid began to be used where it is necessary to remove the surplus acid that has fallen on the body (acid burn, mosquito bite, etc.). To process a fresh burn, dry baking soda can be used. A solution of soda is practiced as a weak antiseptic in intoxication, infection and diabetes mellitus. It also helps in the inflammatory processes of the eyes, for liquefaction of secretions in the bronchi, rinsing of the mouth and other diseases.
At the same time, sodium bicarbonate at long-termreception can cause side effects in the form of: headache, vomiting, loss of appetite, etc. Experts do not recommend using a lot of soda to people who have hypertension.
There are also contraindications, which you can find out after consulting a doctor.
The chemical industry uses sodium hydrogen carbonate in the manufacture of foam, various dyes, household chemicals, fluoride reagents.
With the help of soda, the separation process is establishedhydrogen sulphide, and carbon dioxide from the gas mixture. It is also used in the manufacture of powdered fillers in fire extinguishers and fire extinguishing systems. Sodium bicarbonate, when extinguishing a fire with carbon dioxide released from heating, isolates the access of oxygen to the combustion site. Light industry uses this product in the manufacture of artificial leather and rubber for the sole, for finishing textile fabrics and leather tanning.
In domestic conditions, soda has a practicaluse to remove plaque on the hair from the use of mousses, air conditioners, etc. To do this, just add it to the shampoo. Sometimes to remove the accumulated fat on the hair, apply "dry shampoo", for this purpose, apply a little soda to the roots of hair, comb and treat with a hot hairdryer. A thick paste of water and soda (1: 3) will remove the problem of stiff skin on the heels and elbows. In enameled dishes, it is easy to remove carbon deposits with a solution of baking soda.