Sultasin: instructions for use and detailed description
If the disease is bacterial in nature, do not do without the use of antibiotics. In many pathological processes in the body, the drug Sultasin is prescribed. Instructions for use describes how and in what cases it is necessary to take the drug.
Release form and active components
The drug belongs to the group of penicillins in combinations. Available in the form of a powder for preparing a solution of the antibiotic Sultasin. Instructions for use indicates that ampicillin and sulbactam are active ingredients. The drug is not available in pharmacies without a prescription.
“Sultasin” is a bactericidal antibiotic that is highly resistant to acids. The action of the drug is based on the destruction of the cell walls of pathogens. The drug blocks the proliferation of bacteria, resulting in a steady improvement in the patient's well-being. In many diseases, the drug Sultasin is used.Instructions for use indicates that the active components are able to destroy some strains of staphylococcus, streptococcus, energy bacteria, microbacteria, chlamydia, etc.
The drug is easily absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Active substances quickly spread in organs and tissues, easily penetrate the placental barrier. The drug is metabolized by the liver and is completely eliminated in a few days with bile and urine.
When the antibiotic "Sultasin" is used
Instructions for use notes that the drug can be prescribed for diseases that are provoked by microorganisms that are sensitive to the active components. Before a specialist offers a medication, an analysis will be carried out on the sensitivity of pathological microflora. Before the result is obtained, the patient can take any medication with a wide range of antibacterial action.
The drug Sultasin shows high efficacy in case of infectious diseases of the digestive tract. Instructions for use indicates that the drug is also prescribed for pathologies of the urinary system (cystitis, pyelonephritis), reproductive system, meningitis, sinusitis, tonsillitis, pneumonia, etc.
As part of complex therapy, an antibacterial agent can be used in the treatment of diseases of a dermatological nature (sepsis, infectious dermatitis, furunculosis, etc.), as well as for rheumatism.
As a preventive measure, Sultasin can also be used. Instructions for use for children and adults indicates that after surgical interventions medication is used to avoid infection of damaged tissues.
Far from all diseases can be prescribed the drug "Sultasin." Instructions for use for children indicates that no medicine is used for infectious mononucleosis. This is a pathological process, which is characterized by the defeat of the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx viruses. A characteristic symptom of the disease is an increase in lymph nodes. Many people mistakenly blame the unpleasant symptoms for a bacterial infection and start taking antibiotics. To do this is absolutely impossible.
When it is still impossible to take Sultasin? Instructions for use (description) indicates that in rare cases, hypersensitivity to one of the active components may occur.If a dermatological allergic reaction in the form of urticaria or small rashes on the skin is observed after the injection, the specialist changes the drug. Contraindications also include abnormal liver function.
It is recommended in the hospital to undergo therapy with the drug "Sultasin". Instructions for use (description of the drug) indicates that the patient undergoing treatment must be monitored daily for liver and kidney function.
This allows timely identification of pathological processes associated with these organs. If there are signs of severe intoxication, the specialist makes an adjustment to therapy.
When treating certain diseases, the patient may experience a Jarish-Geizgemer reaction. After some time (3-4 hours) after taking the first dose of the drug, the infected person's body temperature rises rapidly and blood pressure drops. In addition, the patient feels dizzy, chills, pain in the whole body. This body reaction is not associated with allergies and does not require discontinuation of the drug. To alleviate the patient's condition, in addition, a specialist will prescribe drugs from the group of glucocorticoids.
Despite the fact that the drug Sultasin has a small list of contraindications, instructions for use, reviews, possible side effects - this information must be studied by the patient. Be wary of taking medication during pregnancy. Medication is prescribed only if the intended benefit to the woman exceeds the harm to the infant.
Prescription medication is also prescribed for preschool children. A pediatrician assesses the child’s condition, conducts an allergy test.
Features of the drug
Be sure to be studied before the use of the drug "Sultasin" instructions for use. Injections can be administered both intramuscularly and intravenously. The daily rate depends on the patient's age, his individual characteristics, as well as the form of the disease. At the initial stage, the patient may be prescribed a drip of medication (jet - at 60-80 drops per minute for 5-7 minutes).
The powder must be diluted immediately before the introduction of the solution. For the preparation of medicines used special purified water for injection.For infusion dilution is carried out with saline.
For intramuscular or intravenous administration, the dosage for an adult patient is 250-400 mg every 3-4 hours. A single dose for patients under 10 years is 25 mg per 1 kg of weight.
Antibiotic therapy can last up to two weeks. The lack of temperature and improvement of the patient's condition is not a reason to cancel the drug. Therapy should be continued for another 2-3 days after the onset of a stable improvement.
Excess doses of Sultasin can lead to severe intoxication of the body, which will manifest itself as diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, dizziness. In rare cases, possible loss of consciousness. With such manifestations, the patient needs emergency care. The patient will receive detoxification therapy. Acceptance of sorbents will be required, glucose infusions may be prescribed.
The drug "Sultasin" with caution should be used with drugs based on protein hydrolysates and aminoglycosides. If it becomes necessary to combine such drugs, between their use should take at least 60 minutes.In addition, drugs should be administered in different parts of the body. If Sultasin is used together with cephalosporin antibiotics, their action will be enhanced, which will inevitably lead to the development of side effects. Combined use with macrolides, in contrast, reduces the action of both drugs.
The effect of oral contraceptives is significantly reduced if the patient takes the antibiotic Sultasin. This should be taken into account for women who do not plan on becoming pregnant. In this regard, during the period of therapy is to refrain from sexual intercourse.
With the use of diuretics, as well as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in the blood, the concentration of the drug Sultastin significantly increases. This can lead to the development of allergic reactions.
Any antibacterial agents affect the intestinal microflora. The drug "Sultasin" is not an exception. Therefore, during the period of therapy, the patient is additionally prescribed funds on the basis of lebenin.
Even with proper use, some patients may develop side effects from therapy.Pain may occur at the injection site, which in most cases disappear within a few minutes after the procedure. Less commonly, a bruise remains at the injection site. In the first days of therapy, there may be such unpleasant phenomena as nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain, drowsiness. If the unpleasant symptoms are not very pronounced, the therapy continues unchanged. With a significant deterioration of health, the doctor carries out dose adjustment or completely replaces the drug.
If an allergy test was not performed before the treatment, the patient may develop hypersensitivity. The most dangerous reaction is angioedema. When swelling of the limbs and face appears, an antihistamine is administered to the patient, and Sultasin will be discontinued.
What can replace the drug "Sultasin"
To choose a quality substitute will help on the tool "Sultasin" instructions for use. Analogs can be easily found on the active components of the drug. Good results in the treatment of many infectious diseases shows drug "Ampicillin". It is a broad-spectrum antibiotic that can be prescribed to both adults and children. The drug is available in the form of powder and tablets.Contraindications are the same as the drug "Sultasin": idiosyncrasy, abnormal liver function, and infectious mononucleosis.
"Unazin" - another high-quality analogue of the drug. This medicine has a broad spectrum of antimicrobial activity, the active ingredients here are the same as that of Sultasin. The same drugs also have contraindications. Good results also show analogues "Libaccil" and "Ampisid."
Reviews on the tool "Sultasin"
The drug "Sultastin" is popular with specialists due to a wide range of actions. Reviews show that with the treatment of most diseases, a lasting improvement is observed after 2-3 days. The only drawback is pain injections. Unpleasant symptoms are absent with drip medication.