The composition of cigarettes. Tobacco for cigarettes
The dangers of smoking can be heard at every corner, but along with this, fabulous sums of money are spent annually on the manufacture and advertising of tobacco products. And although everyone understands that smoking really harms the health, few people give up this bad habit.
What is part of a cigarette? Does smoking really bring such harm, as they say? In this article, we will look at the chemical composition of a cigarette, talk about the tobacco of which they are made, and see what a health hazard it is.
It should be noted that in the composition of one cigarette you can observe about 600 ingredients, and already in the tobacco smoke itself there are several thousand chemical elements, many of which are toxic and harm health and the environment.
We begin to consider the composition of cigarettes. First, let's talk about nicotine.
Nicotine - an essential element that is part of cigarettes. What is interesting is that it causes such a fast and highly addictive.Cigarettes without nicotine were also produced, but the demand for them was small, since they did not give those sensations and such an effect as those of ordinary cigarettes.
This substance is classified as a dangerous poison that has a strong effect on the human body. With a large amount of nicotine in the human body, nicotine poisoning can occur, which has dangerous and unpleasant symptoms. These include nausea, headache, dizziness, and fainting, and even cramps. If you are addicted and this poisoning has become chronic, then this leads to a deterioration of working capacity and memory.
But that's not all, because the composition of nicotine includes resins, which also have a negative effect on the smoker's body.
Tar in cigarettes
These resins work on the principle of concentrated aerosol and seriously affect the body of a smoker. Their principle of exposure is as follows: tobacco smoke, which you inhale and exhale, cools down and then condenses as tar, and accumulates on your lungs and other organs. What are the consequences of this? Resins are deposited on the organs of the human respiratory system andcause various lung diseases, such as problems with cleaning function and damage to the alveolar sacs. In addition, resins have a negative effect on the human immune system and lead to the fact that the protective functions of the body become much lower.
Hydrogen cyanide or hydrocyanic acid
Separately, we note that cigarettes also contain hydrogen cyanide. This element is a dangerous and harmful substance of general toxicity. Hydrocyanic acid affects the functioning of the lungs, as it deposits on the cilia of the bronchial tree. It is worth noting that during smoking one negative process in the body is complemented and amplified by another.
About this gas, most likely, heard all. It has no color or smell, so in case of a fire, you can easily swallow it and die without understanding and noticing.
Carbon monoxide has one feature - it is highly compatible with the hemoglobin of human blood, even more than that of oxygen. What does this lead to? The ingestion of a large amount of carbon monoxide into the smoker’s organism leads to problems with the respiratory system, damages the coronary vessels, arteries and negatively affects the functioning of the heart.Thus, carbon monoxide contributes to the development of diseases of both the respiratory system and the cardiovascular system. But that is not all.
The composition of this smoke also includes some radioactive components, such as polonium-210, as well as nitrogen oxides, hexavalent chromium and some metals, in particular lead. And this, in turn, increases many times the possibility of cancer.
An interesting fact about polonium-210 and other interesting metals. A person who smokes one or more cigarettes a day, receives as much benzopyrene and heavy metals as he would get, breathing exhaust gases for almost a whole day.
These substances should be included in a separate group in the form of their exclusively harmful effects. Translation of this word from Latin helps to understand all the harm carcinogens. This word translates as "cancer" and "giving birth". It becomes immediately clear that these substances lead to the development of cancer and the appearance of malignant tumors.
Here are some carcinogens and their effects on humans:
- hexavalent chromium is a long-known substance that can lead to cancer (chromium is also associated with the development of asthma in humans);
- arsenic, as well as its compounds;
- cadmium and nickel, as well as their compounds, are believed to be carcinogenic; In addition, cadmium accumulates in the kidneys and causes the natural density of the tissue to begin to decline.
In general, it must be said that there are approximately 76 metals in cigarette smoke that have negative properties and do not positively affect the health of the smoker. Or maybe even more.
Tobacco for cigarettes, in addition to polonium-210, which has already been mentioned, also contains lead-210, and potassium-40, as well as radium-226, radium-228 and thorium-228.
Special studies that were carried out in Greece also showed that cesium-134 and cesium-137 isotopes are part of the cigarette smoke, and the origin of these isotopes is Chernobyl. All this once again shows the harm of such a habit as smoking.
All of these radioactive substances are also carcinogenic and can lead to the development of dangerous malignant tumors.
Interestingly, tobacco for cigarettes may differ from each other in the amount of such radioactive substances in the composition. At the same time, the filter does not adsorb even half of all these harmful substances, so basically all of this enters the body of an active and passive smoker.
What is tobacco in cigarettes? As we have seen, with its chemical composition it leaves much to be desired, and all its components have one or another negative impact. This article did not list absolutely all the elements that make up cigarettes, but indicated the main groups and the most harmful options.