The largest mosque in the world where it is located?
Today, thousands of mosques have been built in the world, and it is difficult to name the most beautiful of them. The mosque is one of the main symbols of the religion of all Muslims. Here, 5 times a day, all Muslims pray. The first mosque in history appeared on From that time until today, the construction of these magnificent Muslim temples continues in the world. And to know what the most famous mosques in the world and the largest mosques today, this article will help.
The most famous black square in the world is a dream, the main direction of pilgrimage for all Muslims. When Adam and Eve sinned and came to repent of this to Allah, he forgave them and sent them a small white stone, which over time, having absorbed all the sins of humanity, turned black. The prophet Muhammad appointed one family to monitor the purity of this sacred place, and she honors and fulfills his instruction to this day.
Adam and Eve built the first mosque around this stone, but, unable to withstand the Flood, it was not preserved.Later on the ruins of the prophet Ibrahim with his son Ismail were able to build a new one.
Ask any Muslim what is the largest mosque in the world, where it is and what is the Kaaba, and he will answer your question without hesitation. And for those who do not know, we will provide a little help.
- Country: Saudi Arabia.
- City: Mecca.
- Built: the prophet Ibrahim (Abraham).
- Size: 11.3 x 12.26 m.
- Height: 13.1 m.
But the Kaaba is not the largest mosque in the world. This is a sacred relic and a place of pilgrimage for all Muslims, where every Friday their number exceeds 700 thousand people. And the largest mosque in the world is called Al-Masjid al-Haram.
Thanks to simultaneous interpreters, all sermons are translated into 2 languages: Urdu and English. Pilgrims who do not understand Arabic, before the beginning of the prayer, receive headphones where the translation sounds. Unfortunately, the largest mosque in the world can not accommodate everyone in their yard to clean their souls, so many of them pray on the balconies and the roof of Al-Masjid al-Haram. There are also air-conditioners and an escalator, there are rooms for ablution, which are divided into male and female.
The largest mosque in the world in the last century was seized by militants who put forward three demands to the government of Saudi Arabia:
- Do not sell US oil;
- do not squander the abundance of the state;
- depose the Saud dynasty.
During the storming of the mosque, 450 people died, including 200 terrorists and 250 pilgrims.
Today in the area where the largest mosque in the world is located, the most expensive real estate on earth. Approximate price of 1 square. m - $ 100,000.
Top 3 major mosques of the world
In addition to Al-Masjid al-Haram, there are 2 more mosques in the world, which are slightly inferior to it in size.
The Masjid Al Nabawi Mosque is also located in Saudi Arabia and is the second most important shrine of all Muslims. It is located in the city of Medina (Yasrib).
After the Prophet Muhammad began to call on the Arabs to abandon polytheism and turn into true faith, they united against him. The opposition was too great for the Prophet, and he was forced to flee to the city of Yathrib (Medina). It was here that the mosque Masjid Al-Nabawi was erected by the hands of Prophet Muhammad. It was repeatedly rebuilt and expanded, and since the prophet died in this particular city, it is the burial place. The tomb of Prophet Muhammad is located under 1 dome (there are 12 domes in the mosque).At the same time, 700,000 Muslims can pray at Masjid Al-Nabawi.
The three largest mosques in the world include the Imam Reza mausoleum located in the city of Mashhad (Iran). It is also considered a shrine for Muslims, which is an amazing complex. Here is the library, other mosques and the tomb of the Imam himself. The bodies of other imams are also buried here and the magnificent Govarshad mosque built in the 15th century is located. This mosque and the tombs of the imams formed a ring around the tomb of Imam Revza. Recently built minarets formed the second ring, and the construction of the third one will soon be over. About 200 million Muslim pilgrims from all countries take this place annually. After the blast for security in 1994, all pilgrims go through security checks.
Top 10 largest mosques in the world
Where is the largest mosque in the world and what are the other 2, a little inferior to her size of the holy places, we learned. But in addition to them, there are 7 more holy temples for Muslims in different parts of the world:
1. The Faisal Mosque is located in Pakistan, in Islamabad. It has an interesting design (no domes) and looks more like a huge Bedouin tent. The structure has 4 minarets.
2. Taj-ul-Masjid is located in the city of Bhopal.Its construction began in 1800 and dragged on for 100 years. The reason for such a long construction period is the unstable situation in the political arena and the lack of money.
3. Istiaklyal Mosque built in Jakarta, Republic of Indonesia. The independence of the country was proclaimed in 1945, and as a sign of this event, the main dome of the mosque has a 45-meter diameter.
4. Hassan Mosque - the city of Casablanca, Morocco. It is famous for the world's largest minaret (210 meters) and a beautiful garden with 42 fountains.
5. The Badshah Mosque, built in Pakistan, combines Islamic character, Persian culture and Indian style.
6. Jama Masjid - another building built in India. It stores a relic in the form of a holy book written on deer skin - the Koran.
7. And completes the list Saleh mosque in Yemen. This is not only a landmark of the country, but also its largest structure. The mosque has a library, parking and air conditioning.
The most beautiful in the world
It is impossible to choose the most beautiful of all existing masjids. But travelers made the top 10 most beautiful mosques in the world. They differ from the rest of the unusual and rich interior and great design.
1. The Sultan Omar Saifuddin Mosque.
2Hassan II Mosque.
3. Sheikh Zayed Mosque.
4. Masjid al-Nabawi.
5. Al-Masjid al-Haram.
6. Jenna Mosque.
7. Umayyad Mosque.
Two mosques deserve special attention, which amaze with their wealth and majestic appearance.
Sultanahmet - the heart of Istanbul
No wonder Turkey is called the country of mosques. The main attraction of the city of Istanbul is Sultanahmet, or the Blue Mosque. Sultan Ahmet wanted to overshadow Aya-Sophia standing opposite and ordered the architect to build gold minarets. But a misunderstanding happened here. In Turkish, the word gold translates as "altyn." The architect did not hear the last letter in the order and built 6 minarets (6 - "alts"). They did not pour gold into 6 minarets, but left them as is. The huge mosque accommodates 100,000 people. And the name "Blue Mosque" appeared thanks to 20,000 blue tiles that adorn the interior.
Sheikh Zayed Mosque
This structure is truly considered to be a miracle and one of the many amazing structures of the United Arab Emirates. Every brochure, guide, and every guide begins a tour from this place.The building, more resembling a palace from the cartoon "Aladdin" or the fairy tale "1001 nights", is in fact more than just a mosque. It embodies the respect and tribute of all the people of the Emirates to the ruler Zaid ibn Sultan al-Nahyan. This man from the poor Bedouin population of the country created and raised the Emirates. And the fact that now represents this country is the merit of Sheikh Zayed. The largest carpet in the world (627 sq. M.), Weighing 47 tons, covers the floor of the mosque. Until the summer of 2010, the complex, consisting of 7 chandeliers that adorn the ceiling of the mosque, was considered the largest in the world. Its weight is about 12 tons.
The most important difference between the mosque and the rest is the free entrance for everyone, regardless of their religion. But there are also rules here. Men should walk in clothes that completely cover their arms and legs. For women, the dress code is tighter. Clothing should cover the arms and legs, not cover the body, on the head should be a handkerchief, completely covering the hair. Also on the territory of the mosque you can not smoke, drink (even mineral water) and eat.