The most characteristic representative of the flora of Australia is the golden acacia, or mimosa
The exotic Australian continent is world-wideknown as the birthplace of the most incredible representatives of the animal and vegetable kingdom. Who does not know about the amazing battleships and platypuses, ostriches and anteaters?If a kangaroo is considered an embodiment of a faunathe most characteristic representative of the flora of Australia is the Australian golden (dulcum) acacia, or mimosa, the branches of which adorn the national coat of arms of this country and the main state awards. This article will tell about this elegant culture, its features and advantages.
Gustoktsvetovaya acacia - the official symbol of the country and a representative representative of the flora of Australia
Replenished with national symbols of the country goldAcacia since 1988 - the year of the bicentennial anniversary since the birth of the Australian state. For a long time, culture was the unofficial flower emblem of the country, and only in 1988 the status of the plant grew to recognition at the highest level. In honor of this event in the National Botanical Garden of the country on September 1, 1988 a lavish ceremony was held: the Minister of the Interior read out an appropriate decree, and the Prime Minister's wife planted a bush. In 1992, the National Day of Acacia was officially approved, which is celebrated on September 1.
The history of dating this exquisite plantbegan in 1842, when the English naturalist and companion of the legendary Captain Cook J. Bentham published his first description in the botanical magazine. Indigenous Australian, golden (or dulcus) acacia is widespread in the vast areas of South Australia, Victoria and New South Wales. But it should be noted that this representative of the flora of Australia, has long crossed the borders of his native continent and conquered the southern regions of Europe and the coasts of the Mediterranean and Black Seas.
What is so attractive about this mosta representative representative of the flora of Australia? The answer is simple: the plant is interested in its exquisite decorative, rare endurance and ability to adapt to the most difficult conditions of growth. Cultivate the plant in Australia began in the 19th century.
Acacia growing to 6-12 m, is aSprawling tree, bewitchingly beautiful during flowering. Pinnately sophisticated, elegant narrow leaves that reach 20 cm in length, give the plant elegance and sophistication. The juicy greenery of the dense foliage of the tree is a distinctive feature of the dwarf acacia. It blooms from February to April. Small golden-yellow flowers are collected into small florets-balls and forming a fluffy brush, cover during flowering tree completely. The aroma of the acacia is also amazing - delicate, exquisite, fresh.
High decorativeness distinguishes this mosta representative representative of the flora of Australia. It is provided with a fair duration of flowering period: by no means every culture can continue enchanting spectacle for several months.
Common in Australia, almost everywhere acacia is used for planting parks and decorating garden interiors.
Useful properties of golden acacia
Elegance and beauty this most characteristica representative of the flora of Australia combines with a high healing ability. Curative properties are famous for bark and gum, the solution of which has an anti-inflammatory and soft enveloping action. It has long been used for gastritis and gastrointestinal ulcers, significantly facilitating the irritant effect when taking medications. Easy to make decoctions of the bark - an effective astringent.
Acacia gustoflyvkovoy - excellentA natural antiseptic used in home cosmetology. It neutralizes skin reactions that occur both with minor mechanical damage and with errors in the diet. Invaluable in the care of oily skin oil tones and rejuvenates it, as well as infusions and decoctions, has a high anti-inflammatory and wound-healing effect. A pleasant aroma of golden acacia is used in aromatherapy: as a natural antidepressant, it acts soothingly and disposes to restoring sleep.
Golden acacia: raw material preparation
The bark and gum from the notches made beforehand begin to be collected after the fruiting ends - in August or September.The rules for the preparation of medicinal raw materials are traditional: they do this in dry weather, in the non-hot morning hours.
Thinness of care
Despite the fact that the most characteristicrepresentative of the flora of Australia, acacia, a very unpretentious culture, but with the use of effective agrotechnical techniques responds even more beautiful and prolonged flowering. Care of the culture is in moderate watering, timely feeding and pruning.
These are the features of this remarkable Australian plant, which is the official symbol of the distant continent.