The theme of good and evil in Bulgakov’s novel The Master and Margarita. Writing-reasoning on the book with a difficult problematic
Good and evil are two sides of the same coin. These are concepts that can be opposed to each other. But they can not be considered separately. In many works of art and literature, the problem of good and evil was the key. The novel The Master and Margarita was no exception. Writing on this topic is often necessary to write in high school, so it will be relevant to consider it in more detail.
Mikhail Afanasyevich Bulgakov really had a unique talent. All his works can rightly be called masterpieces. Why are only the story "Devilish" and the novel "White Guard"! The author himself spoke of the latter: "... from him the sky will become hot."But most of all attracted the attention of the public novel "The Master and Margarita". The writing on this work can be written on any topic: love, justice, good and evil, etc.
Schoolchildren often prefer to talk about love or justice. After all, write about them is much easier. One has only to give a few examples from the text, and evaluation in your pocket! That's just with good and evil that will not work.
This theme is permeated with the whole novel. In it, white and black are so closely intertwined that at times they become one. Good enables evil to exist, and evil shows good in all its beauty. Bulgakov's nontrivial approach to these concepts makes an essay on the theme “The Master and Margarita”: the problem of good and evil ”one of the most difficult.
Novel in the novel
To begin with, the novel itself is built on a kind of literary device “book in book”. Bulgakov writes about the life of the Master and the public of the 30s. She tells how Margaret betrays her husband, rejoices at the acquired witch power. Shows that the officials are not entirely clean on hand, and the condemnation of others became the man’s favorite entertainment.
At the same time, the Master writes a novel about the procurator of Judea Pontius Pilate and the philosopher Yeshua, a man who until the last remained true to his convictions, was kind, sincere and sympathetic. And if it were not for Pilate’s fear of the power of Caesar, he would never have been sentenced to death. Pilate understood that Yeshua was not guilty of anything. He was pure soul, personified a highly moral person and brought new truths to the world. Yeshua freely and confidently expresses her thoughts, and even in the face of death remains with her opinion. At the same time, Pilate dies as a free person. Together with a homeless philosopher, he buries himself as a person capable of making independent decisions.
Thus, there are two starting positions: the story of the Master and Margarita and the story of Pontius Pilate. In the main novel Bulgakov shows evil in all its manifestations, which can be found in modern society. And the story of Pontius Pilate is more focused on giving the reader the idea of goodness as absolute truth. It is from this angle that the work The Master and Margarita should be considered. Writing howevershould not be built on opposition.
And what if good and evil do not exist?
An important role in the novel "The Master and Margarita" played Woland - the prince of darkness. He punishes petty crooks and outright criminals. The author as if says that evil should be punished by his own methods. Also Woland is the main “point” that connects the stories about the Master and about Pilate.
The King of the Underworld appears before the reader as a not so sinister and terrible demon, spoken of in legends. With his lips, the author says more than one truth. Recall only Levi Matthew, who turned to Woland with insufficient respect and received an answer, which prompted to reflection not only the most devoted student of Yeshua, but also many fans of Bulgakov. What would do good, if there was no evil? What would the earth become if the shadows disappeared from it? Shadow, says the King of the Underworld, is a confirmation that objects and people are real, and in order to enjoy only the light, you must destroy everything that exists on the planet.
In the words of Woland is one of the main ideas of the novel “The Master and Margarita”. The writing, in which good and evil will become the main theme, should highlight this complex and important issue.Indeed, in the work of Bulgakov, as we have already seen, these concepts are incredibly multifaceted! In his book, light and darkness are not isolated absolutes. They complement each other. This is what Voland tells us. Margarita can not be called a decent and highly moral woman, but she is ready to do anything for the Master. A master can give society important knowledge, concepts of true goodness and mercy, but not sustaining a brutal struggle, he burns his work. And Woland, uniting in a strange way evil and justice, punishes sinners.
So we figured out a little in the problematic of the novel The Master and Margarita. The writing on this book is now hardly difficult, if the topic is about good and evil, which Bulgakov portrayed is really unusual. As you can see, in the novel, black and white are closely related to each other. There is a line between them, but it is so imperceptible that one can unwittingly take a lie for truth. But most importantly, it is all about the choice of the person. And at times, it seems that good and evil are just designations for convenient and uncomfortable things, but in reality there is only human choice and its consequences.