We read the novel and consider its problems: "The Hero of Our Time", M.Yu., Lermontov
Grigory Pechorin - this is the real"The hero of our time" (and any other), because the questions raised by the author are beyond all eras. They were, are, and will always arise while the human race is alive. What are they - the problems of the work "Hero of Our Time"? We read and understand.
Any work and fiction inthe whole is called upon not only to deliver an aesthetic experience, pleasure to the reader, but also to raise questions that are present for every person to whom we either do not have an unambiguous answer, or which we never thought about at all. M.Yu. Lermontov is, you might say, an innovator of his era. He is the creator of the first novel in Russian literature with a deep philosophical content. "Why did I live, for what purpose was I born?" - this is the main question that the author himself and all of us ask the author of the mouth of the main character - Pechorin. It not only hears questions "why", "why", "for what", but also other problems. "The hero of our time" is trying to understand who he is, what he consists of, from what virtues and vices, whether love and friendship can save him from imminent darkness ...
We continue to talk about "Our Herotime ". Problems romance raises really serious. What is Pechorin? Before us is a young man of twenty-five years old, an officer, an aristocrat, standing out against his contemporaries with his extraordinary talent, a sharp mind, subtle intuition, courage, endurance, immense willpower. It would seem that all the components of a happy future. Such people are loved, adored and idolized. Before them all doors are open. So it was, but it did not happen. Why?
Each person has advantages and disadvantages.In each there is an irreconcilable struggle between good and evil. And this is natural. This is inherent in nature and God. But besides all this, there is also a void. It must be filled with either light or darkness, depending on which road we choose. Or, it begins to grow and fill every liberated corner of the soul. This is what happened with Pechorin. For whatever he undertook, no matter where he went, no matter who his destiny might take - in all, this gaping emptiness, the persistent senselessness, the futility and aimlessness of existence followed.
M.Yu. Lermontov, "The Hero of Our Time": Problems of Love and Friendship
His active soul throughout the novellooking for dangers, heroic deed, sincere love and friendship. "Who seeks will always find". It finds it, too, but it destroys, in an incomprehensible way, the creative principle contained in these things. His love for none of the women brought happiness. He could not give himself to this feeling, he was not able to give, only to take, and then superficially. In his soul, as if in a bottomless abyss, bright feelings and suffering vanished without a trace. He did not satiate with them, and did not try to get enough. He did not care. The tragic stories with Bela and Mary are a perfect confirmation of this.
The same thing happens in Pechorin's friendship withDr. Werner. Believing that the relationship between two comrades should be reduced to only one: one - a slave, and the other - his master, he did not want to be neither a slave nor one who rules and rules. Both are boring and stupid. And it's impossible to let another into your world without any "but". Vicious circle.
Is fatalism the cause of the problem?
"The Hero of Our Time" is a novel not only aboutdirectly posed by the author questions of the meaning of life. In the last story - "Fataliste" - another theme pops up, which does not give rest to either the protagonist or the whole of mankind. Is the destiny of man predetermined, or is every new step along the road of life a personal choice? Pechorin dare and prefers to solve this issue, like other problems. "The hero of our time," Pechorin, independently, from own experience, verifies the truth of this or that proposition. And suddenly the fatalist turns to the reader with the other side of his essence. He disarms a drunken Cossack who has already killed Vulich and is dangerous to others. He goes to a known risk, but for the first time it is not fictitious, not for "empty passions" and not to dispel boredom. And here the author does not give an unambiguous answer. He, like his hero, believes that predestination, if it exists in reality, creates miracles with a man, it makes him more active, bolder. And on the other hand, it turns a person - a higher creation, into a toy in the hands of fate, and this can neither insult nor humiliate.
In this article we have considered the main problems."The hero of our time" is a book that is out of the question, having read it, each one for himself will necessarily find answers to his questions, which may not have been considered today.