Where does protein live in nature?

A small animal with a slender, elongated body and a huge fluffy tail is a general description of a squirrel. Where does the protein live? Almost everywhere, on all continents and in almost all countries of the world.

Habitats

The squirrel has a huge species diversity. Each species is characteristic of a particular region.

For Mexico, part of America (Arizona, Utah, Colorado) is characterized by a protein Allen and Aberta. Arizona forests are found in Arizona. In the east and south of Mexico there is a golden belly. Havana, fire and red-tailed squirrels live in South America. In North America (in northern Canada) there is a dwarf. Recently, she began to actively settle the territory of Italy, Ireland, England and Scotland. In Central America there is a variegated and western gray squirrel. In the subtropics (in Mexico and on the Pacific coast), the Collier protein is found.

But the most common species is the common squirrel, which inhabits practically all of Eurasia and Eastern Europe.

where does protein live

Appearance

The body length of an ordinary squirrel is from 19.5 to 28 centimeters, and the tail can reach 19 centimeters, which is 2/3 of the whole body. The weight of an animal ranges from 250 to 340 grams.

The ears of all individuals are long, with tassels, the head is round, black eyes. The front legs, abdomen and face have vibrissae, which are very sensitive. The claws on all fingers are sharp and tenacious. Hind limbs longer than the front.

For the summer, squirrels change fur. Summer fur is shorter and more rare than winter. The color also changes. In winter, the fur acquires a brownish tint, and in summer it is more red.

Squirrel in Russia

Where does a squirrel live in Russia? This animal can be found in all forests of Siberia, in the European part of Russia and in the Far East. In the 20s of the last century, she came to Kamchatka and became an ordinary animal for this part of the country.

where does the flying squirrel live

Russian subspecies:

Name

The territory where the squirrel lives

North European

Karelia and the Kola Peninsula

Formozova

Novgorod, Perm, on the banks of the Pechora River and the Dvina

Central Russian or Veksha

Novgorod, Pskov, Vyazma, Penza, Kaluga, Perm

Fedyushina

West Russia, Northern Belarus

Ukrainian

North of Ukraine and adjacent regions of Russia, Voronezh and Smolensk regions

Bashkir

Bashkorstan, the Northern Urals and the Orenburg region

Teleut protein

Northern Kazakhstan, Lithuania, Central Russia

West Siberian

Central Siberia

Yenisei

Left bank of the Yenisei River

Yakut

Yakutia, Kamchatka, upper reaches of the Aldan, Lena, Vitim rivers

Anadyr

Anadyr Peninsula

Altai

Mountains and foothills of Altai, Tarbagataya and Sayans, Caucasus

Kalbinskaya

Altai - the slopes of the Kalbinsky ridge

Transbaikal

Northern Mongolia and Transbaikalia

Manchu

Northeast China, Khabarovsk Territory and Southern Primorye

Sakhalin

South Khabarovsk Territory, Sakhalin, Amur Region and Shantar Islands

squirrel where lives than eats

Food, lifestyle

Regardless of the region where the squirrel lives, it is a typical representative of the forest, a mobile and nimble animal. It moves beautifully along tree branches and can jump up to four meters.

During the rut and snowless winters squirrels descend to the ground and move there hopping steps up to one meter. If the snow on the ground, then the squirrel moves through the trees. At the slightest danger immediately hiding in the trees.

The peak of activity occurs in the morning and evening, it is then that it plunges into the process of searching for food.If the weather is frosty or rainy, then the place where he lives may not leave for a long time.

What eats protein? The basis of the diet is the seeds of tree species. The best forage conditions in mixed, coniferous and broad-leaved woodlands. The animal loves spruce forests, cedar forests and fir. In warm regions, in the same Crimea and in the Caucasus, she was able to master cultural landscapes, vineyards and artificial garden plantings.

where the squirrel lives in a hollow or nest

Dwelling

Where does the squirrel live: in the hollow or nest? If the animal lives in deciduous massifs, then it settles in hollows, where it teaches soft bedding of grass and lichen. In coniferous forests plots spherical nests. She makes them from twigs, grass, dry leaves, moss and own wool. Such nests can be seen on the forks of branches, at a height above 7 meters from the ground. In urban conditions, the squirrel can settle even in birdhouses. Female individuals are engaged in construction, and males occupy abandoned places of residence for females or large birds.

As usual, one squirrel has several nests, the number of which can reach 15 pieces. Protein nests change regularly, every 2-3 days. Females carry their young in their teeth.

In places where squirrels live in winter, you can meet from 3 to 6 individuals, given that these are single representatives of the fauna.

where do squirrels live in winter

Lifespan

If an animal lives in captivity, then its age can reach 10-12 years, but for wild specimens it is a huge time. For areas where squirrels live in the forest, the average age is 4 years. Although the number of such individuals is very small, no more than 10%.

The highest mortality is observed in young animals and reaches 75-85%. It is the hardest for them to survive the first winter.

The enemies

In the wild, squirrels are hunted by owls, goshawks and pine marten. In the Far East, foxes and sables hunt animals. In urban conditions, the main enemy is a cat. However, neither predators nor cats have any particular effect on the population. More often, proteins die from tularemia and coccidiosis, fleas and ticks.

where do squirrels live in the forest

Breeding

No matter where the squirrel lives (in the hollow or in the nest, in the forest or in the park), the animal is very prolific. In the middle part of our country, squirrels bring 1-2 litters per year. In the south, this figure can reach 3, and where it is colder, for example, in Yakutia, there can be only 1 brood.

Seasonal breeding depends entirely on the latitude and feeding conditions of the territory of residence. Hatching squirrel pups in late January or late August.

Pregnancy of the animal lasts about 35-38 weeks, and feeding with milk - up to 50 days after birth. In one litter can be from 3 to 10 cubs.

Female puberty begins at 9-12 months of life. After the birth of the young, the squirrel does not immediately “look for” the male, it is being fed for some time.

where does a squirrel live in a hollow

Flying squirrel

In the forests of our country there are quite unique animals, which are not so easy to see. To such a representative fauna carry flying squirrel, which leads a hidden lifestyle.

The name of its animal was due to the possibility of almost flying between the branches of trees. It is impossible to jump so smartly because of the presence of large membranes on the paws. They are leather and very tight folds, cracking down during the flight. Naturally, the squirrel can not fly, but it is the membrane that allows it to linger longer in the jump.

Unique membranes allow the squirrel to jump from one tree to another. These trees can be at a distance of 50 meters (with a height of 20 meters or more). If there is a fair wind, then the jump will turn out even more. And the most interesting thing is that the animal can even change direction while in the jump.Such maneuvers are possible due to the long and bushy tail.

Dimensions and general characteristics

The flying squirrel is somewhat smaller than the common one. The largest individuals can reach 20 centimeters in length, and the tail can be no more than 11 cm. Weight does not exceed 140 grams. But (in comparison with an ordinary squirrel) the flying dog has very large eyes.

The six animals are very thick, with a silver-ash tint on the back, sometimes brown. The abdomen is lighter, ashen shade.

The places where the flying squirrel lives are the whole of central Russia, Sakhalin, the Far East and Finland. It prefers coniferous plantings, but also lives in deciduous forests. The main thing is that the halo of habitat is surrounded by birch and aspen, he also likes black alder. Accordingly, the diet consists of earrings of birch and aspen, the seeds of cones of fir and pine. Like other squirrels, flying squirrel loves wild berries and mushrooms. Some observations confirm that the flying squirrel can consume the eggs of small animals and birds.

The animal is predominantly nocturnal. For food the animal comes with the onset of the evening.

In the natural environment, the animal has enemies - owls, ferrets, martens and owls.If the flying squirrel sees a person, then she snuggles tightly against a tree table and hardly breathes until the danger is past.

Within the zoo, the animal can live 10 years, in its natural environment - no more than 5 years.

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