Why chickens do not fly: structure, features and interesting facts
The question of why chickens do not fly is quite interesting. After all, these birds have quite suitable for these purposes wings. If you scare poultry, it will begin to flit low above the ground. However, this flight will not be able to see. What is the reason that these birds do not seek to soar into the heavens? In our material we will try to give a brief answer why the chicken does not fly.
In short, why the chicken does not fly, first of all I would like to note the changes that occurred with the birds in the process of evolution. These birds have rather powerful wings. The special structure of the bone apparatus potentially gives them the opportunity to train the flight and rise high in the air. However, unlike their ancient ancestors, the chickens refused such behavior. This is due to the proximity to a person who provides abundant food and protection from predators. That is why the chicken and rooster do not fly.
Chickens are the very first birds, which they managed to tame and use as domestic birds. According to researchers, such birds were exploited on the farm about 8,000 years ago. Gradually, the instincts necessary for survival in the wild, have lost their relevance for chickens.
In fact, such birds are able to overcome small distances in the air. Chickens can fly up to a height of about 7-10 meters. The ability remained with them from ancestors who had to hide in the trees from enemies in their natural habitat.
It should be noted that the chicken is not the only bird that has lost the ability to fly in the process of evolutionary changes. Penguins, whose wings were transformed into unique fins, are a prime example. Do not resort to flying as exotic birds of kiwi, ostriches and many other birds.
Why don't chickens fly? Obviously, this is due to their lifestyle. They do not feel the need for a seasonal change in habitat, as did the ancient ancestors, overcoming significant distances with a shortage of food.Like some wild birds such as peacocks, pheasants, and black grouses, chickens prefer to stay in habitable, familiar places.
On the body of such birds there is a rather impressive fat layer, which gives them the opportunity to survive the winter without any special problems, even with a critical lack of food. In turn, dense plumage allows you to protect yourself from the cold.
Why don't chickens fly? These birds are omnivores. Their daily diet consists mainly of pasture, in particular seeds and plants. Chickens also prefer to hunt all kinds of worms and insects. Such food is convenient to find on the bottom litter of the earth. This partly explains why chickens do not fly. After all, they do not feel the need to climb trees or soar into the air in pursuit of prey. Such behavior can be observed only in danger. In such situations, chickens are able to soar low on the branches or objects a few meters above the ground.
Birds that are forced to go to warm countries for the winter, have a streamlined body. The wings of such birds are well developed.They contain specially designed for flight plumage. All this makes it possible for such birds to soar high into the sky, skillfully maneuvering on the descending air currents. A huge role is played by the ability to soar. It is this skill that allows you to overcome impressive distances without having to waste your energy on flapping wings.
In contrast, chickens have poorly developed, atrophied pectoral muscles. The wingspan of these poultry is the smallest. Therefore, the chickens and cockerels simply cannot stand for a long time in the air and for a long time work with their limbs.
If we talk about why chickens do not fly, as a reason it is also worth noting a rather impressive body weight. This factor negatively affects the ability of such birds to soar into the air. Small breeds of domestic birds, which are kept by humans primarily for the purpose of obtaining eggs, can also take off on fences and low trees. However, such a flight is usually quick and short.
As for the so-called meat breeds, in particular broilers, their body mass reaches about 4-6 pounds.Obviously, it is rather difficult for birds to rise in the air with such a build. Moreover, in the process of selection, the wings of broilers turned into absolutely useless rudimentary appendages.
The reason why chickens do not fly is often the actions of a person. Most farmers prefer to keep domestic birds in fenced pens. In order for the chickens not to make unauthorized outings beyond their limits, it is necessary to resort to cutting off the flight feathering on the wings.
Often, only one wing is subject to such execution. In this case, when trying to take off, the chicken simply loses its balance in the airspace. Such solutions allow farmers to avoid the loss of poultry and protect it from unpleasant familiarity with predators.
There is an interesting legend that supposedly gives an answer to the question of why chickens do not fly. In ancient times, people believed that a deity by the name Nat had a part in it. The supernatural creature lived in heaven and ruled over all the birds. Once the birds decided to ask the sovereign for permission to occasionally go down to the ground to facilitate their search for food.
The birds occasionally flew from heaven, and then returned to the realm of Nath. However, the chicken turned out to be an extremely greedy and voracious creature, opposed the will of the deity and wanted to remain on the ground as long as possible. In punishment, she was forbidden to appear in heaven and deprived of the ability to fly. As the legend says, from that moment the hen lost its ability to use its wings for its intended purpose.
As you can see, there are several objective reasons why chickens do not fly. In reality, these poultry have the ability to conquer minor heights and distances in airspace. However, they really cannot stand on the wing.