Wisteria Chinese: photos, descriptions, features of planting and care
In some gardens you can see an amazing sight - a magnificently flowering plant, something like a lilac, but it is a liana. The flower growers have long since fallen in love with the Oriental graceful and attractive wisteria of China.
In the wild, it is often found in the mountainous regions in the west and in the central regions of China, and there is it in Japan. Chinese Wisteria grows there at an altitude of about 1800 meters. Therefore, she could have remained unknown if she had not caught the eye of the English doctor and botanist John Sims. Struck by the beauty of this vine, he told about it in 1819 in the journal Botanical Magazine.
Since then, much has changed: the breeders managed to bring a lot of varieties and hybrids of this culture, but it is surprising that in the conditions of a well-groomed garden and in the wild nature the decorativeness of this vine is not lost. Wisteria Chinese is the dream of every gardener, because it is considered one of the most beautiful creeping plants.During the flowering period, it resembles a waterfall, collected from lilac clusters, which emit a sweet, delicate aroma.
Wisteria, or Wisteria Chinese, belongs to the legume family. It is a plant with dense foliage of large size and complex shape. The leaves of this creeper can grow up to thirty centimeters. They are pinnate and consist of eight to twelve small leaves.
Wisteria Chinese fragrant small flowers, clustered in racemes hanging in cascades. They reach a length of up to 30 cm. The bluish or light purple clusters turn golden yellow in autumn. Not only in the appearance of the brush, but also in the smell of inflorescences, the Wisteria Chinese resembles lilac, but it has a more delicate fragrance.
Blooming wisteria Chinese from May to July. During this period, it is completely covered with tassels of inflorescences of all shades of purple. Sometimes there is a white flowering culture in the gardens. Wisteria is Chinese, planting and caring for which are carried out correctly, with a sufficient amount of sun can re-bloom in September.
The most common varieties
The inflorescences of most varieties of this plant have a purple or lilac color, but there are also those that produce white terry brushes.Most often in the gardens found wisteria Chinese Sapphire Blue. This is a charming variety with bluish-purple flowers, blooming in May.
Delicate racemes of this wisteria of Chinese grow to 25 centimeters. Blue Sapphire exhausts an intense sweet-smelling smell. The foliage of this variety is painted in gray-green color, and with the arrival of autumn is painted in yellow. This vine grows to six meters in height, twisting clockwise on a support.
The early flowering variety is Wisteria Amethyst Chinese. Its long saturated purple inflorescences appear at the beginning of May and fade away only at the end of summer. The aroma of this variety is the most intense among all the varieties of wisteria. Amethyst is not winter-hardy, and therefore requires careful shelter for the winter.
Variety Prolific has bluish-purple flowers with a white base. It blooms quickly enough and in the third year pleases the owner with its luxurious look. Next to a strong support, such as a wall or fence, it feels great.
The variety Southern Belle is a delicate vine with white-purple buds. He has a moderate intensity flavor. The peak of flowering occurs at the end of May, and by the middle of summer the clusters begin to slowly fade.This Chinese wisteria, which should be planted in sunny areas, looks great as a decoration for a veranda, pergola, and pergolas.
The unequivocal advantages of this culture include the fact that it tolerates urban conditions well. In this case, we are talking about a very warm and light-loving plant and a plant that is quite demanding on the soil. At home, Wisteria Chinese grows well in a tub on a southern sill. As for the place in the garden, it should be the sunniest on the site. The plant grower will also need to take care of the soil: it must be drained, moist and slightly alkaline. Extremely undesirable landing of Chinese wisteria in a limestone soil: the risk of chlorosis - leaf lightening is high. As a result, it may affect flowering. Therefore, planting and caring for Chinese wisteria require a serious approach and the presence of certain knowledge. The choice of location should be made taking into account the fact that over time this perennial plant will form deep roots and will have a tenacious climbing system of shoots.
The best time to put Chinese wisteria seedlings into the ground is spring.Landing should be carried out after the end of the last frost and the disappearance of the risk of returning cold.
Virtually all varieties of wisteria are considered to be cold-resistant: some of them are able to withstand a short-term decrease in temperature to -20 degrees, but seedlings are not at risk of frostbite. At least, before they begin to develop normally.
It is necessary for planting to choose medium-sized seedlings with closed roots. When buying, make sure that the wisteria is vaccinated. The fact is that Chinese wisteria is a wood vine and belongs to a type of long-growing plants. Therefore, unvaccinated wisteria will not only start blooming later, but will also have fewer inflorescences. When buying, be sure to clarify and the age of the seedling. Older individuals bloom faster, because some varieties produce inflorescences only in the eighth or ninth year of life. The plant is planted in pits of 60 x 60 x 50 cm in size, in which mineral fertilizers are pre-added at the rate of 25-30 grams per square meter.
In addition to the germination of seeds and seedlings, there are two more ways to grow this tree liana - layering or cuttings. The first is the simplest.The essence of reproduction by layings lies in the fact that in the spring an annual shoot is chosen, slanting incised in the middle, bends and placed with the treated part in a container with a clay-sod substrate. Then the shoot is secured and buried in such a way that only the tip remains free. The next spring, the layers are already separated from the main plant.
Propagation by cutting is carried out in March or April. To do this, annual shoots are cut into segments of up to 25 cm in length and rooted in a substrate consisting of 3 parts of soddy soil and one part of peat, humus and sand.
Growing from seed
Wisteria Chinese, planting and care that require some knowledge, can be grown not only from seedlings. With proper planting and favorable conditions, it can grow from seed. Moreover, such a plant will be more adapted to the habitat and hardy. Begin the process of growing wisteria from seed, usually at the end of November. The process has the following scheme: the planting material is placed on the surface of a container with a drained substrate consisting of four parts of leafy ground and one for each of turf and sand.Seeds should be sprinkled with a small layer of soil and sprayed with warm water from a spray bottle. The container is covered with glass and placed in a warm dark place. The soil should always be kept wet.
After about a month and a half, when the wisteria gives the first shoots and begins to slowly grow, the capacity is transferred to a sunny place, always shading until the two main sheets appear. After that, the seedlings are spiked into separate containers filled with the native root ball of the earth, and watered with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. After some time, the sprouts need to start accustoming to the habitat: for this, containers are taken out for a couple of hours in an unheated room.
Chinese Wisteria, the care of which includes two main activities: the supply of moisture and pruning, unpretentious. Water this tree vine should be as needed until the end of August. In this case, you can not zealous, because the wisteria does not like an excess of moisture, poorly enduring abundant watering. The soil around the plant should be constantly moist, but not wet. Abundant watering is needed only in the dry spring.From mid-September, the supply of moisture should be gradually reduced.
This stage of Chinese wisteria care is needed at least twice a season in order to give the plant the desired shape and stimulate flowering, making it abundant. The first pruning is carried out directly after flowering. At this time, all side shoots are shortened by a third. The second pruning is carried out after the leaves fall. This time both the pruned shoots are shortened as well as those that appeared after, leaving 3-5 buds.
Peculiarities of care
During each irrigation, as necessary, wilted inflorescences, dry branches should be removed, while tying up shoots and directing them in the right direction. Before winter, wisteria needs to be warmed:
- spud rosette;
- remove the liana from the supports and lay on the tree circle;
- sprinkle with dry foliage and cover with spunbond.
Once during the entire flowering season, it is permissible to water the wisteria with a solution of chalk at the rate of 100 grams per one bucket of water. From late April to June, when budding and flowering take place, the wisteria should be periodically fed, alternating organic and mineral fertilizers.As the first, it is better to use cow manure infusion in the ratio of 1:20. At the same time it is necessary to control the amount of nitrogen in the soil. Otherwise, the Wisteria Chinese is unlikely to please the lush green, moreover, it may not bloom.
Diseases and pests
If chlorine was struck by this woody vine, the best way would be to cure its fertilizing with iron salts, which should be added to the root. Of the pests, wisteria is most commonly affected by the aphid, clover mite and spider mite. In the first case, any insecticide will be best, and in the second and third - acaricidal drugs. According to reviews, Chinese wisteria can be eliminated from pests and with the help of Fitoverma.
Before planting in the ground at a permanent place, sprouts should be soaked in water for half an hour. Bury the plant in the ground need to ten centimeters deeper than it grew in the planting container.
On top of the pits around piled bark. Wisteria should be planted at a distance of thirty centimeters from neighboring plants and support. If the seedlings do not show signs of growth for a long time, there is no need to worry: agronomists believe that for the first two or three weeks she is in a passive state, giving all her strength only to rooting.And only after some time it starts to let the first thin shoots.
Wisteria Chinese: reviews
Many gardeners prefer to plant in their plot this woody vine not only because of its beauty during flowering, but also because of its unpretentious care. Moreover, in some southern regions it can even not cover for the winter. However, there are those who complain about the complete lack of flowering of this woody vine.
Nevertheless, the vast majority of reviews suggests that gardeners grow this incredibly beautiful plant on their plots without any problems, which makes them happy with their beautiful views every season.
Many believe that growing this seed from seeds is not worth it, the right thing to propagate by cuttings. The main thing - to choose the right place for planting and do not overdo it with watering. Do not forget about the support.